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NCJ Number: 64916 Find in a Library
Title: VICTIMOLOGY AND CRIME CONTROL
Journal: SCHRIFTENREIHE DER POLIZEI-FUEHRUNGSAKADEMIE  Volume:6  Issue:3  Dated:(1979)  Pages:209-221
Author(s): J JAEGER
Corporate Author: Walter Rau Verlag
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Walter Rau Verlag
4000 Dusseldorf 1, Germany United
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: German
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: THE ROLE OF VICTIMS IN INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION OF CRIMES BY WEST GERMAN POLICE IS DISCUSSED.
Abstract: POLICE MOST FREQUENTLY BECOME AWARE THAT CRIMES HAVE BEEN COMMITTED THROUGH VICTIMS' REPORTS; POLICE OFFICERS MUST CRITICALLY WEIGH SIGNIFICANT FACTORS SUCH AS THE INTERVAL BETWEEN CRIME COMMISSION AND THE VICTIM'S REPORT. THEFT REPORTING DROPS AS THE FREQUENCY OF INSURANCE AGAINST THEFT RISES, SO POLICE ARE NO LONGER ABLE TO FOLLOW THEFT PATTERNS OR TO HALT CRIMINAL CAREERS. FUTHERMORE, VICTIMS MAY EVEN REPORT GREATER OR MORE EXPENSIVE DAMAGES THAN ACTUALLY OCCURRED TO RECEIVE MORE INSURANCE COMPENSATION. INFORMATION AND PHYSICAL EVIDENCE RELATING TO THE CRIME SHOULD BE GATHERED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE; CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VICTIM (E.G., SEX AND AGE) MAY ALSO HAVE A BEARING ON THE CRIME. AT THE SENIOR COMMAND LEVEL, OVERALL VICTIM DATA FACILITATE PLANNING OF SPECIAL COMMISSIONS, RESOURCE ALLOCATION, AND FORMATION OF SPECIALTY UNITS. THE CITY IS THE MOST COMMON OBJECT OF STUDY, AS CRIME DISTRIBUTION WITHIN CITIES IS AMAZINGLY CONSTANT. CRIME CAN BE MOST EFFECTIVELY PREVENTED BY SUCH PRIMARY MEASURES AS INFORMING DRIVERS ABOUT WEAKNESSES IN THEIR CARS WHICH PERMIT THEFTS. SECONDARY PREVENTIVE MEASURES INCLUDE CAREFUL URBAN PLANNING TO AVOID OFFENDER CONCENTRATION AND TRAFFIC BOTTLENECKS, AS WELL AS EXTENSIVE DISSEMINATION OF PUBLIC INFORMATION. ALTHOUGH VICTIMS MAY CONTRIBUTE TO OFFENSES IN CERTAIN CASES (E.G., TRAFFIC OFFENSES OR SHOPLIFTING), THEY CANNOT BE PROSECUTED FOR THEIR ROLE. THE QUESTION REMAINS AS TO WHETHER MORE EMPHASIS SHOULD NOT BE PLACED ON OFFENDER COMPENSATION TO VICTIMS THAN ON OFFENDERS' DEBT TO SOCIETY. NOTES ARE FURNISHED. --IN GERMAN. (KMD)
Index Term(s): Architectural design; Citizen crime reporting; Crime prevention measures; Germany; Police crime-prevention; Public information; Unreported crimes; Victim compensation; Victim crime precipitation; Victimology
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