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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 64997 Find in a Library
Title: SYSTEMS APPROACH TO CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS
Journal: FEDERAL PROBATION  Pages:51-54
Author(s): R J WALDRON
Corporate Author: Administrative Office of the United States Courts
United States of America
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Administrative Office of the United States Courts
Washington, DC 20544
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE OPERATION AND ADMINISTRATION OF TODAY'S CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS REQUIRE CONTEMPORARY MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES AND THE SYSTEMS APPROACH OFFERS POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS TO CORRECTIONAL PROBLEMS.
Abstract: THE SYSTEMS APPROACH TO CORRECTIONS SEES THE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION AS BEING COMPOSED OF MANY INTERRELATED PARTS OPERATING TOGETHER TO ACCOMPLISH CORRECTIONAL GOALS. APPLYING THE SYSTEMS APPROACH REQUIRES SYSTEMS ANALYSIS--SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVE COURSES OF ACTION WHICH MIGHT BE TAKEN TO ACHIEVE SPECIFIED OBJECTIVES. THE WHOLE SYSTEM MUST BE INTEGRATED AND EACH SUBSYSTEM, OR PART, OF THE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM MUST OPERATE TOWARD A COMMON GOAL. THE NATURE OF INPUTS MUST BE CONSIDERED. DRUG OR NARCOTIC OFFENDERS CURRENTLY REPRESENT A CHANGE IN CORRECTIONAL INPUTS, AND THE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM MUST DEVELOP PROGRAMS SUITABLE FOR THESE INMATES. EX-INMATES ARE ONE OF THE OUTPUTS OF A CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM, AND THEIR QUANTITY MUST BE MAINTAINED TO PREVENT OVERCROWDING AS MUST THEIR QUALITY IN ORDER TO FULFILL REHABILITATIONAL GOALS. OUTPUTS MUST BE MONITORED TO INSURE THAT THE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM IS MEETING ITS GOALS. PROPER FEEDBACK IS NECESSARY TO INSURE A CONTROL POINT IN OUTPUTS. CORRECTIONAL SYSTEMS SHOULD ALSO EVALUATE THEIR OUTPUTS AFTER THEY HAVE BEEN IN THE FIELD SINCE THE CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATOR CAN LEARN FROM THE EVALUATION OF THE EX-INMATE WHAT ADJUSTMENTS TO THE SYSTEM ARE NECESSARY FOR IMPROVED MAINTAINABILITY. DATA MUST ALSO BE SHIFTED TO INSURE THAT ONLY RELEVANT INFORMATION REACHES CONTROL POINTS SINCE EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT CONTROL POINTS ARE OF PRIMARY IMPORTANCE. THE DIRECTOR MUST PROVIDE PROPER DIRECTION FOR THE SYSTEM AND BE CAPABLE OF EVALUATING FEEDBACK INFORMATION. THE SYSTEMS APPROACH TO CORRECTIONS THUS INVOLVES LOOKING AT THE TOTAL PICTURE AND WEIGHING THE LIABILITIES AND ASSETS OF EACH UNIT AGAINST ANOTHER, THEREBY CREATING A BALANCED SYSTEM, FREE OF INTERDEPARTMENT CONFLICT AND UNITED IN GOAL PURSUITS. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS APPENDED.
Index Term(s): Correctional planning; Correctional reform; Corrections management; Needs assessment; Priorities determination; Systems analysis
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=64997

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