skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 65014 Find in a Library
Title: TROUBLESHOOTER OR TROUBLEMAKER?
Journal: CORRECTIONS MAGAZINE  Volume:6  Issue:1  Dated:(FEBRUARY 1980)  Pages:18-25
Author(s): K KRAJICK
Corporate Author: Criminal Justice Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Publications, Inc
New York, NY 10017
Type: Biography
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: ELLIS MACDOUGALL, REFORM CORRECTIONS ADMINISTRATOR IN FIVE STATES OVER THE PAST 28 YEARS, STIRS UP MUCH CONTROVERSY BUT HAS IMPROVED PRISON CONDITIONS IN MANY INSTANCES.
Abstract: MACDOUGALL BECAME INTERESTED IN PRISON REFORM IN 1948 WHILE A COLLEGE STUDENT AND GOT HIS FIRST CORRECTIONS JOB IN A BOY'S REFORMATORY IN SOUTH CAROLINA. HE SUBSEQUENTLY ACHIEVED LEGISLATION FOR MORE HUMANE CONDITIONS IN ADULT PRISONS IN GREENVILLE COUNTY, S.C. THROUGH RAISING CITIZEN INTEREST AND BECAME THE STATE'S PRISON COMMISSIONER IN 1962. IN THAT POSITION HE ESTABLISHED THE STATE'S FIRST REAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS AND PRERELEASE CENTERS, ATTACKED THE CHAIN-GANG SYSTEM, AND BEGAN SEGREGATING ADULT FROM YOUNG OFFENDERS. IN 1968, HE MOVED TO CONNECTICUT TO REORGANIZE THAT STATE'S CORRECTIONS SYSTEM. HERE HE CENTRALIZED THE SYSTEM, REDUCED CORRUPTION AND REGIMENTATION, AND EXPANDED WORK-RELEASE AND EDUCATION. SIMULTANEOUSLY, HOWEVER, HE CREATED CONTROVERSY BY CRITICIZING PRISON OFFICIALS AND RUNNING UP COSTS. IN 1971, HE BECAME GEORGIA'S PRISON SYSTEM REORGANIZER AND INSTITUTED REFORMS SIMILAR TO THOSE MADE IN HIS PAST WORK. BUT MUCH OF HIS WORK AND HIS PERSONAL TATICS MADE HIM ENEMIES, AND MANY OF HIS REFORMS WERE REVERSED AFTER HE RESIGNED IN 1974. AFTER WORK IN MISSISSIPPI, MACDOUGALL BECAME DIRECTOR OF ARIZONA'S DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS AND HEAD OF THE NOTORIOUS ARIZONA STATE PRISON, HIS PRESENT POSITION. MACDOUGALL CLAIMS HIS THREE DECADES IN CORRECTIONS HAVE NOT SIGNIFICANTLY ALTERED HIS VIEWS ON CRIME AND CORRECTIONS, A BLEND OF THE LIBERAL AND HARDLINE. AMONG HIS ASSETS ARE ABILITY TO SELL A PROGRAM. HE CONTINUES TO ENDORSE REHABILITATION, NOW UNFASHIONABLE, AND CLAIMS PRISONS NEED BETTER ADMINISTRATION, PLANNING, STAFF TRAINING AND HIGHER EDUCATED STAFF, AND RESEARCH. WHILE HE BELIEVES IN CAPITAL PUNISHMENT, HE CLAIMS THAT MANY PRISONERS DO NOT BELONG IN PRISON BUT MAINLY NEED GUIDANCE. (PAP)
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Corrections management; Inmate Programs
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65014

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.