skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 65022 Find in a Library
Title: NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE IN BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGY (FROM TODAY'S PROBLEMS IN CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGY - RESEARCH ON DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT, 1979, BY L BELIVEAU ET AL - SEE NCJ-65021)
Author(s): Y ROUMAJON
Corporate Author: Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Canada

Institut Philippe Pinel de Montreal 12
Canada

Universite de Genes
Centre International de Criminologie Clinique
Italy
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Institut Philippe Pinel de Montreal 12
Montreal, Quebec 478, Canada
Universite de Genes
Genes, Italy
Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3c 3j7
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: French
Country: Canada
Annotation: RECENT TRENDS IN NEUROPHYSIOLOGICAL RESEARCH AND IMPLICATIONS FOR CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGY ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: RESEARCHERS, ESPECIALLY IN THE UNITED STATES, HAVE MADE PROGRESS IN UNDERSTANDING THE COMPLICATED PROCESS OF TRANSMITTING IMPULSES FROM NEURON TO NEURON THROUGH NEUROTRANSMITTERS, IN DEVELOPING SURGICAL TECHNIQUES TO PERMIT COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE BRAIN HEMISPHERES (THUS REDUCING EPILEPTIC EFFECTS OF THE SPLIT BRAIN CONDITION), AND IN EXPLORING THE FUNCTION OF OPIATE RECEPTORS ON THE SURFACE OF CERTAIN BRAIN CELLS, AS WELL AS IN ESTABLISHING THE USEFULNESS OF MORPHOMIMETIC ENDOGENOUS PEPTIDES (ENDOMORPHINES AND ENKEPHALINES) FOR TREATMENT OF AGGRESSION AND ANGUISH. THIS RESEARCH HAS LED SCIENTISTS TO BELIEVE THAT CERTAIN KINDS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA MAY RESULT FROM IMBALANCES BETWEEN ACTIVE AND INACTIVE ENDORPHINE, THAT MELANCHOLY MAY BE THE RESULT OF A NEUROTRANSMITTER DEFICIENCY, AND THAT AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IS A CONSEQUENCE OF DAMAGE TO THE FRONTAL LOBES OR TO THE PRESENCE OF TUMORS, AS NUMEROUS CASES OF VIOLENT CRIMINALS DEMONSTRATE. THE ABILITY TO DETECT CHROMOSOME ANOMALIES NOW MAKES IT POSSIBLE TO IDENTIFY PERSONS WITH POTENTIAL BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS, ALTHOUGH CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR SHOULD NEVER BE ATTRIBUTED TO GENES ALONE, AS ENVIRONMENTAL STIMULUS MAY ALWAYS PLAY A ROLE. ATTEMPTS TO ESTABLISH A BRAIN CENTER OF AGGRESSION HAVE FOCUSED ON THE AMYGDALA. THE RESEARCH GIVES RISE TO THE HOPE THAT VIOLENT CRIMINALS CAN BE TREATED. ALTHOUGH SURGICAL METHODS HAVE IMPROVED TREATMENT POSSIBILITIES, THEY CAN BE MANIPULATED TO ENDANGER INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND SHOULD ONLY BE USED AS A LAST RESORT TO RELIEVE SUFFERING. PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENT MODES, SUCH AS MALE ANTIHORMONES FOR SEX OFFENDERS AND TRANQUILIZERS IN COMBINATION WITH PSYCHOTHERAPY, ARE MORE PROMISING, IF CONTROVERSIAL. THE NEED FOR A MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO DEALING WITH VIOLENT CRIME IS EMPHASIZED. --IN FRENCH. (KMD)
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Criminology; Diseases; Epilepsy; Medical research; Neurological disorders; Psychosurgery; Social organization; Treatment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65022

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.