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NCJ Number: 65030 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINALITY, MENTAL ILLNESS AND THE CLINICAL APPROACH IN THE UNITED STATES - THE CURRENT SITUATION (FROM TODAY'S PROBLEMS IN CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGY - RESEARCH ON DIAGNOSIS AND ..., 1979, BY L BELIVEAU ET AL - SEE NCJ-65021)
Author(s): P P LEJINS
Corporate Author: Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Canada

Institut Philippe Pinel de Montreal 12
Canada

Universite de Genes
Centre International de Criminologie Clinique
Italy
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Institut Philippe Pinel de Montreal 12
Montreal, Quebec 478, Canada
Universite de Genes
Genes, Italy
Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3c 3j7
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: DISCUSSION OF CRIMINOLOGY IN THE U.S. ENCOMPASSES MAJOR TRENDS, ESPECIALLY THE TREND TOWARD PUNITIVE RATHER THAN CORRECTIONAL TREATMENT, THE CONTINUING INTEREST IN CLINICAL TREATMENT, AND NEW BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH.
Abstract: IN THE U.S., THERE ARE OVER 1,000 PROGRAMS IN CRIMINOLOGY AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE OFFERED BY INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION. CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGY CAN BE CHARACTERIZED BY THESE OBSERVATIONS: (1) A MAJOR CHANGE, UNFAVORABLE TO CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGY, HAS OCCURRED IN THE HANDLING OF CONVICTED CRIMINAL OFFENDERS IN THE LAST FEW YEARS IN THAT PURELY PUNITIVE PENALTIES ARE REPLACING CORRECTIONAL MEASURES; (2) DISENCHANTMENT IS GROWING WITH THE CORRECTIONAL TREATMENT OF OFFENDERS; (3) THE INTERPRETATION OF CRIME AND DELINQUENCY INCREASINGLY IS BASED ON MODIFYING UNFAVORABLE SOCIAL CONDITIONS RATHER THAN ON HELPING THE INDIVIDUAL; AND (4) NEW CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORIES SEEK TO EXPLAIN CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR NOT IN THE ACTION OF THE CRIMINAL OFFENDER BUT RATHER IN THE ACTION OF THE SOCIETY AND AGENCIES OF SOCIETY THAT HANDLE CERTAIN INDIVIDUALS AS CRIMINALS. FURTHER OBSERVATIONS ARE THAT SOME CRIMINOLOGISTS CONTINUE TO STUDY AND DO RESEARCH ON INDIVIDUALS INVOLVED IN CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR WITH THE INTENT OF DISCOVERING THE REASONS FOR THAT BEHAVIOR WITHIN THE INDIVIDUAL'S PERSONALITY, AND, ALTHOUGH OFFICIAL IDEOLOGY HAS CHANGED, MANY PRISON AND COMMUNITY-BASED WORKERS CONTINUE TO USE THE CLINICAL AND TREATMENT APPROACHES THEY WERE TAUGHT AS PART OF THEIR EDUCATION IN THE 1940'S AND 50'S. THESE GENERAL OBSERVATIONS ARE ILLUSTRATED BY THREE EXAMPLES TAKEN DIRECTLY FROM CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CRIMINOLOGICAL STUDY AND CRIME CONTROL PROGRAMS IN THE U.S.: MODIFICATION OF THE PROGRAM AT THE PATUXENT INSTITUTION IN MARYLAND, SOME CONTINUED RESEARCH AND WRITING IN PSYCHOGENIC OR PSYCHIATRIC APPROACHES TO CRIMINAL CONDUCT, AND THE EMERGENCE OF NEW INTEREST IN BIOLOGICAL CRIMINOLOGY. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Correctional reform; Crime Causes; Criminology; Future trends; Maryland; Mentally ill offenders; Persons with cognitive disabilities; Psychological theories; Punishment; Social conditions; United States of America
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65030

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