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NCJ Number: 65037 Find in a Library
Title: CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGIST IN A CHANGING WORLD - PERSPECTIVE YEAR 1980 - THE SITUATION IN CANADA - (FROM TODAY'S PROBLEMS IN CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGY - RESEARCH ON DIAGNOSIS ..., 1979, BY L BELIVEAU ET AL - SEE NCJ-65021)
Author(s): G C NIVOLI; G C NIVOLI
Corporate Author: Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Canada

Institut Philippe Pinel de Montreal 12
Canada

Universite de Genes
Centre International de Criminologie Clinique
Italy
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Institut Philippe Pinel de Montreal 12
Montreal, Quebec 478, Canada
Universite de Genes
Genes, Italy
Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3c 3j7
Format: Document
Language: French
Country: Canada
Annotation: THE EDUCATION AND ROLE OF THE CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGIST IN CANADA, AS WELL AS ROLE CONFLICTS AND SOLUTIONS ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: THE MAJORITY OF THE 502 CRIMINOLOGISTS RECEIVING DEGREES AT THE SCHOOL OF CRIMINOLOGY IN MONTREAL BETWEEN 1963 AND 1976 ARE SPECIALISTS IN CLINICAL WORK. CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGISTS FROM THIS SYSTEM ARE CLASSIFIED AS (1) CLIENT-CENTERED PSYCHIATRISTS OR PSYCHOLOGISTS CONCENTRATING ON INDIVIDUAL THERAPY, (2) GROUP-CENTERED PSYCHIATRISTS OR PSYCHOLOGISTS PRACTICING GROUP THERAPY, OR (3) ADMINISTRATORS WITH AN ASSISTANCE RELATIONSHIP TO CLIENTS, SUCH AS PROBATION OFFICERS AND CLASSIFICATION OFFICERS IN CLOSED INSTITUTIONS. INCREASED TRAINING REQUIREMENTS ARE NEEDED FOR THE THIRD GROUP IF THEY ARE NOT TO BE REPLACED BY THE SPECIALISTS FROM THE HELPING PROFESSIONS IN THE FIRST TWO GROUPS. MAJOR TYPES OF CRIMINOLOGY ARE CLASSICAL CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGY SPECIALIZING IN INDIVIDUAL THERAPY; SOCIALIST CRIMINOLOGY, STRESSING CRITICAL FUNCTIONS OF SOCIETY AS A WHOLE; CRIMINOLOGY OF THE CORRECTIONS SYSTEM; MARXIST CRIMINOLOGY, CRITICIZING THE PENAL SYSTEM IN NONSOCIALIST STATES; AND RADICAL CRIMINOLOGY, TAKING ISSUE WITH SYSTEMS OF JUSTICE. CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGISTS FACE A BASIC CONFLICT BETWEEN THE CLASSICAL MEDICAL AND JUDICIAL MODELS AS TO WHETHER THEY WILL DEVOTE THEIR ENERGIES TO TREATING OFFENDERS OR TO NEUTRALIZING THE CRIMINAL IN AN EFFORT TO PROTECT SOCIETY. TO RESOLVE THIS CONFLICT, THE CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGIST MUST SERVE AS A MEDIATOR FACILITATING COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE OFFENDER AND SOCIETY WHILE LESSENING THE EFFECTS OF CERTAIN CRIMES, DEVELOPING AN ECONOMICAL WORKING MODEL, AND HELPING OFFENDERS OVERCOME PROBLEMS WHICH LIMIT THEIR RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHERS. CLINICAL CRIMINOLOGISTS HAVE SHOWN THEIR CAPACITY TO QUESTION FUNDAMENTAL CRIMINOLOGICAL TRADITIONS IN THE FACE OF SOCIAL REALITY AND TO DEVELOP A CRITICAL SENSE WITH RESPECT TO EXTREME IDEOLOGIES. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS SUPPLIED. --IN FRENCH (KMD)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Canada; Custody vs treatment conflict; Role conflict; Theory; Treatment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65037

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