skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 65040 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: WHY NOT COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS?
Journal: TEXAS JOURNAL OF CORRECTIONS  Volume:6  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1980)  Pages:12-15
Author(s): G GARMON
Corporate Author: Texas Corrections Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Indiana University
Bloomington, IN 47401
Texas Corrections Assoc
Austin, TX 78741
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A RATIONALE AND FORM FOR COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS IS DISCUSSED, WITH PARTICULAR ATTENTION THE SITUATION IN TEXAS.
Abstract: COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS IS THE MOST COST-EFFECTIVE APPROACH FOR THE TREATMENT OF OFFENDERS. COMMUNITY-BASED PROGRAMS COST LESS THAN THOSE REQUIRING TOTAL INSTITUTIONALIZATION, AND ARE ABLE TO MODIFY THE OFFENDER'S BEHAVIOR THROUGH SUPERVISION WITHIN THE NORMS OF COMMUNITY LIFE. THE COMPONENTS OF A COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM ARE ORGANIZATION AND CENTRAL MANAGEMENT OF DIRECT SERVICES, PURCHASED SERVICES, COOPERATIVE SERVICES, AND VOLUNTEER SERVICES. INPUT IS PROVIDED FROM PROFESSIONALS AND THE LAITY. THE EVALUATION COMPONENT OF A COMMUNITY-BASED SYSTEM SURVEYS THE NEED FOR SERVICES AND ASSESSES THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE SERVICES PROVIDED. PRETRIAL AS WELL AS POSTTRIAL SERVICES SHOULD BE PROVIDED. PRETRIAL ELEMENTS SHOULD INCLUDE SCREENING AND EVALUATION OF PERSONS CONTACTING THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, RELEASE ON RECOGNIZANCE, PRETRIAL SUPERVISED RELEASE, AND A MONITORED VOLUNTARY DIVERSIONARY PROGRAM. THE POSTTRIAL CONTINUUM OF SERVICES SHOULD INCLUDE MAXIMUM CUSTODY (JAIL), MINIMUM CUSTODY OF RESIDENTIAL TREATMENT, AND NONRESIDENTIAL PROGRAMS. THE GOVERNING BODY OF THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS SYSTEM WOULD BE A BOARD OF THE DISTRICT'S JUDICIARY. THE ADMINISTRATIVE ARM WOULD BE THE ADMINISTRATIVE SECTION OF THE DISTRICT PROBATION DEPARTMENT. PRETRIAL AND POSTTRIAL DIVISIONS WOULD BE RESPONSIBLE FOR THOSE COMPONENTS OF THE OVERALL PROGRAM. THE TEXAS CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE PROVIDES THAT STATE FUNDS CAN BE USED TO FUND COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONAL PROGRAMS AND FACILITIES OTHER THAN JAILS AND PRISONS. WITH A REASONABLE INCREASE IN APPROPRIATIONS BY THE LEGISLATURE AND A BROADENING OF THE COURT'S AUTHORITY, THE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS COULD BE ACCOMPLISHED IN TEXAS. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (adult); Correctional planning; Corrections management; Funding sources; Police briefings
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65040

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.