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NCJ Number: 65047 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: ON PREVENTING AGGRESSION AND VIOLENCE
Journal: POLICE CHIEF  Volume:67  Issue:2  Dated:(FEBRUARY 1980)  Pages:52-56
Author(s): F M OCHBERG
Corporate Author: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
Alexandria, VA 22314
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: PREVENTION OF AGGRESSION AND VIOLENCE ARE DISCUSSED, EXAMPLES OF VIOLENCE ARE CATEGORIZED, AND MODELS OF PREVENTION ARE OUTLINED.
Abstract: A TOTAL OF 97 INCIDENTS OF ASSAULT AND MURDER BY ADOLESCENTS IN CALIFORNIA WERE EXAMINED; IT WAS FOUND THAT THESE ACTS FELL INTO 6 CATEGORIES: VIOLENCE ASSOCIATED WITH MENTAL OR NEUROLOGICAL ILLNESS; EXPLOSIONS OF AFFECT WHERE FRUSTRATION, JEALOUSY, OR RAGE WERE THE TRIGGERING EVENT; SEXUAL VIOLENCE TRACED TO HABITUAL DEVIANT SEXUAL BEHAVIOR; GROUP-SANCTIONED VIOLENCE; ACCIDENTAL VIOLENCE DURING FELONIOUS ACTS; AND INSTRUMENTAL VIOLENCE CHARACTERIZED BY RATIONAL CONTROL. THESE SIX CATEGORIES ARE SEEN AS AN IMPERFECT CLASSIFICATION OF ACTS OF VIOLENCE. NO VIOLENT ACT OCCURS IN COMPLETE ISOLATION AND THERE IS ANTECEDENT, INTERACTION, AND OUTCOME. SETTINGS, ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS, AND TRIGGERING EVENTS ARE PART OF ANY VIOLENT ACT. A MODEL PICTURING THE VIOLENT ACT DEMONSTRATES THAT PREVENTION CAN BE APPLIED AT VARIOUS POINTS IN A SEQUENCE OF EVENTS, INVOLVING INDIVIDUALS AND ACTIONS. METHODS TO PREVENT AND REDUCE VIOLENCE CAN BE APPLIED TO THE VARIOUS ASPECTS OF THE MODEL. THESE METHODS INCLUDE BIOLOGICAL AND BEHAVIORAL MODIFICATION OF THE SUBJECT (PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS, REHABILITATION, PSYCHOTHERAPY), PSYCHOLOGICAL MODIFICATION OF THE VICTIM (COUNSELING, TRAINING, SOCIAL SERVICES), DAMAGE LIMITATION TO VICTIMS (EFFECTIVE PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL TREATMENT), REDUCTION OF AVAILABLE FORCE (REGULATING USE OF WEAPONS AND AUTOMOBILES); ANALYZING TRIGGER EVENTS (MANIPULATING AND NEGOTIATING SUCH EVENTS), AND MODIFYING THE SETTING (CHANGING THE PHYSICAL CHARACTER OF ENVIRONMENTS WHICH LEAD TO CRIME). THUS, VIOLENT ACTS MUST BE UNDERSTOOD IN TERMS OF ANTECEDENT EVENTS, ENVIRONMENTS, AVAILABLE FORCE, AND THE SUFFERING BORNE BY VICTIMS. BY ATTENDING TO THESE ELEMENTS IN THE MODEL OF VIOLENCE, SUCCESS MIGHT BE ACHIEVED IN COMBATING IT. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (MJW)
Index Term(s): California; Juvenile murderers; Psychological theories; Violence; Violent crimes; Violent juvenile offenders
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