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NCJ Number: 65080 Find in a Library
Title: SEX CRIMES UNITS ARE RAISING CONVICTION RATES, CONSCIOUSNESS, COSTS... AND QUESTIONS
Journal: POLICE MAGAZINE  Volume:3  Issue:2  Dated:(MARCH 1980)  Pages:52-61
Author(s): S CHARLE
Corporate Author: Criminal Justice Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Publications, Inc
New York, NY 10017
Sale Source: Criminal Justice Publications, Inc
801 Second Avenue
New York, NY 10017
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE EFFECTS OF SEX CRIME UNITS ON RAPE VICTIMS AND ON APPREHENSION RATES ARE DISCUSSED, NOTING VARIOUS TACTICS THESE UNITS EMPLOY AND THE ATTITUDES OF PARTICIPATING OFFICERS.
Abstract: SEX CRIMES UNITS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED IN RESPONSE TO THE ALARMING INCREASES IN THE NUMBER OF REPORTED RAPES--121 PERCENT NATIONWIDE BETWEEN 1960 AND 1970--AND FROM PRESSURE BY WOMEN'S GROUPS AND PSYCHOLOGISTS WHO ARGUE THAT RAPE VICTIMS REQUIRE DELICATE TREATMENT. HOWEVER, POLICE DEPARTMENTS FACED WITH BUDGET CUTS AND CONFLICTING PUBLIC DEMANDS FOR POLICE ACTION OFTEN ELIMINATE THESE SPECIAL UNITS OR MERGE THEM WITH OTHER UNITS. IN NEW YORK CITY, ALTHOUGH THE INNOVATIVE SEX CRIMES ANALYSIS UNIT HAS BEEN INACTIVE DUE TO FINANCIAL PROBLEMS, THE BOROUGH SEX CRIMES SQUADS HAVE REMAINED INTACT. THEY HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO THE DEPARTMENT'S HIGHEST RAPE REPORTING RATE IN THE NATION (60 PERCENT). IN ADDITION, COOPERATION BETWEEN STATE AND LOCAL POLICE DEPARTMENTS HAS HELPED EXPERTS ESTABLISH RAPE PATTERNS. STATE LAW IN CONNECTICUT REQUIRES ALL POLICE AGENCIES, HOSPITALS, AND COUNSELING GROUPS TO COMPLETE A FORM DETAILING INFORMATION ON BOTH THE VICTIM AND THE ASSAILANT; THIS DATA IS THEN FED INTO A COMPUTER AND DISSEMINATED TO VARIOUS POLICE DEPARTMENTS. ISSUES CONCERNING THE DEBATE OVER SEX CRIMES UNITS INCLUDE THE TENDENCY OF OFFICERS TO BURN OUT DURING INVESTIGATIONS OF TRAUMATIC CASES, THE SEX OF THE SPECIAL INVESTIGATORS, CHANGING STEREOTYPICAL ATTITUDES TOWARD RAPE, PARTICULARY THOSE HELD BY OLDER POLICE OFFICERS. TRAINING FILMS FOR VETERAN OFFICERS, RAPE KITS DESIGNED FOR MEDICAL PERSONNEL, AND OTHER INNOVATIONS HAVE BEEN SUCCESSFUL IN EASING THE PLIGHT OF THE RAPE VICTIM AND INCREASING THE LIKELIHOOD THAT THE RAPIST WILL BE CAPTURED. THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN POLICE AND COUNSELING GROUPS AS WELL AS WITH PROSECUTORS' OFFICES ARE DISCUSSED. PHOTOGRAPHS ARE INCLUDED. (WJR)
Index Term(s): Male female police performance comparisons; Police attitudes; Police services for victims; Police sexual assault programs; Policing innovation; Rape; Sexual assault; Sexual assault victims; Specialized police operations
Note: PRICE QUOTED IS FOR ENTIRE ISSUE. REPRINTS OF ARTICLE AVAILABLE IN LARGE QUANTITIES.
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65080

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