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NCJ Number: 65105 Find in a Library
Title: ECOLOGICAL CORRELATES OF CRIME IN OTTAWA (CANADA)
Journal: CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:22  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY 1980)  Pages:78-85
Author(s): A SINGH; H CELINSKI; C H S JAYEWARDENE
Corporate Author: Canadian Assoc for the Prevention of Crime
Canada
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Canadian Assoc for the Prevention of Crime
Ottawa, Ontario K1y 1e5, Canada
Type: Statistics
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: THIS ECOLOGICAL STUDY OF CRIME IN OTTAWA, CANADA, DURING THE SUMMER MONTHS USES BOTH MULTIPLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS AND CANONICAL ANALYSIS TO TEST THEIR RELATIVE USEFULNESS IN ECOLOGICAL STUDIES.
Abstract: THE ECOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF CRIME ATTEMPTS TO EXPLAIN CRIMINAL PHENOMENA AT THE MACRO LEVEL THROUGH THE DISCOVERY OF SPATIAL PATTERNS OF CRIME AND STUDY OF THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF THE AREAS STUDIED. DATA FOR THE STUDY WERE OBTAINED FROM THE 1971 CENSUS PUBLICATIONS OF STATISTIC CANADA AND THE FILES OF THE OTTAWA POLICE. DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIOSTRUCTURAL VARIABLES WERE CONSIDERED. MALE AND FEMALE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES, THE PROPORTION OF TENANT-OCCUPIED BUILDINGS, AND THE NUMBER OF PERSONS PER FAMILY WERE FOUND TO BE SIGNIFICANT PREDICTORS OF CRIME. FINDINGS ALSO SHOWED THAT ATTEMPTS TO PREDICT CRIME OTHER THAN SEX OFFENSES WITH THE ECOLOGICAL VARIABLES ARE USELESS. THEY ALSO INDICATED THAT THE INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM ONE TECHNIQUE OF ANALYSIS WAS NO DIFFERENT FROM THAT OBTAINED BY THE OTHER. THE FINDINGS, HOWEVER, CANNOT BE CONSIDERED DEFINITIVE BECAUSE THE NUMBER OF VARIABLES CONSIDERED WAS RELATIVELY SMALL. TABULAR DATA AND REFERENCES ACCOMPANY THE REPORT. (MJW)
Index Term(s): Canada; Crime patterns; Crime Statistics; Criminality prediction; Economic influences; Research methods; Social conditions; Sociology
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65105

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