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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 65107 Find in a Library
Title: FAMILY THERAPY - ITS ROLE IN THE PREVENTION OF CRIMINALITY
Journal: JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES  Volume:25  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY 1980)  Pages:15-19
Author(s): H S FELDMAN
Corporate Author: American Soc for Testing and Materials
Promotions Manager
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: American Soc for Testing and Materials
West Conhohocken, PA 19428-2959
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS ASSOCIATED WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF CRIMINALITY AND DEEMED TO BE AMENABLE TO FAMILY THERAPY ARE IDENTIFIED FOR A SAMPLE OF 4,500 TO 5,000 OFFENDERS IN NEWARK, N.J., AND KENYA, AFRICA.
Abstract: FAMILY DEFICIENCIES DETERMINED TO CONTRIBUTE TO CRIMINALITY WERE POVERTY, A LACK OF FAMILY AUTHORITY FIGURES (MOTHER OR FATHER), REJECTION OF THE INDIVIDUAL CHILD, ABSENCE OF FAMILY COHESIVENESS, DIMINISHED RESPECT FOR THE HOUSEHOLD UNIT, AND LOSS OF INDIVIDUAL IDENTITY IN THE FAMILY STRUCTURE. OTHER FAMILY DYNAMICS NOTED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CRIMINALITY WERE THE CHILD'S ASSIMILATION OF THE CRIMINAL ATTITUDES OF PARENTS OR OTHER RELATIVES, THE CHILD BEING DRIVEN FROM HOME BY INTOLERABLE FAMILY SITUATIONS, THE HOME FAILING TO TEACH THE CHILD TO DEAL WITH SITUATIONS IN A LAW-ABIDING MANNER, THE PERSISTENCE IN THE GENERAL COMMUNITY OF HABITS OF DISOBEDIENCE FORMED IN THE HOME, AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF TENSIONS AND EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCES IN THE HOME. THE PREVENTION OR MODIFICATION OF CRIMINALITY ARISING FROM THE AFOREMENTIONED FAMILY DYNAMICS AND DEFICIENCES CAN BE AIDED BY THE USE OF ACCEPTED FAMILY THERAPY TECHNIQUES. THE FAMILY THERAPISTS'S FUNCTION IS TO HELP THE AT-RISK CLIENT AND THE FAMILY BY FACILITATING THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE FAMILY SYSTEM. FAMILY THERAPY INVOLVES THREE BASIC, BROAD STEPS: (1) THE FAMILY'S ACCEPTANCE OF THE THERAPIST AS ITS LEADER, (2) THE THERAPIST'S EVALUATION OF THE UNDERLYING FAMILY DYNAMICS, AND (3) THE DEVELOPMENT OF BEHAVIORS BY FAMILY MEMBERS THAT WILL TRANSFORM DEBILITATING FAMILY INFLUENCES. SOME FAMILY THERAPISTS HAVE BEEN QUITE SUCCESSFUL IN ALTERING DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR THROUGH THE MEDIUM OF THE FAMILY TRANSFORMATION TECHNIQUE. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Family counseling; Family support; Home environment; Juvenile delinquency factors; Kenya; New Jersey; Studies
Note: PRESENTED AT THE 31ST ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF FORENSIC SCIENCES, ATLANTA, GA, 12-17 FEBRUARY 1979
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65107

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