skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 65123 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: RETARDATION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE - A TRAINING MANUAL FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE PERSONNEL
Author(s): M B SANTAMOUR; B WEST
Corporate Author: New Jersey Assoc for Retarded Citizens
Criminal Justice Education Project
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 58
Sponsoring Agency: New Jersey Assoc for Retarded Citizens
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
New Jersey State Law Enforcement Planning Agency
Trenton, NJ 08625
US Executive Office of the President
Washington, DC 20201
Grant Number: A-A 3-217-77
Sale Source: New Jersey Assoc for Retarded Citizens
Criminal Justice Education Project
99 Bayard Street
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS MANUAL IS INTENDED TO EQUIP PROBATION, PAROLE, AND CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS FOR WORK WITH RETARDED OFFENDERS BY CONTRIBUTING TO THEIR BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THIS DISADVANTAGED GROUP IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM.
Abstract: MENTALLY RETARDED OFFENDERS FOUND LEGALLY COMPETENT TO STAND TRIAL ARE TREATED AS MISFITS BY BOTH CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS, WHO LOOK TO EACH OTHER'S FIELDS FOR FUNDING AND PROGRAM PROVISIONS. IT HAS BEEN FOUND THAT OFFENDERS WITH LOW INTELLECTUAL AND SOCIAL ADAPTABILITY MEASURES USUALLY SERVE LONGER SENTENCES THAN THEIR COUNTERPARTS AND REQUIRE A DISPROPORTIONATE AMOUNT OF SUPERVISION AND STAFF TIME. DESPITE GOOD POTENTIAL FOR BENEFITING FROM PROGRAMMING, THEY SUFFER A GROSS LACK OF APPROPRIATE SERVICES AND ARE OFTEN VICTIMS OF INJUSTICES WITHIN THE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM. THE FOLLOWING THREE GENERAL AREAS ARE ADDRESSED IN THIS BOOK: (1) THE NATURE OF MENTAL RETARDATION AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR; (2) THE HISTORY AND EXTENT OF THE PROBLEMS OF RETARDED OFFENDERS; (3) THE MECHANISMS FOR SERVICE DELIVERY TO THIS GROUP OF OFFENDERS, INCLUDING PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND COUNSELING TECHNIQUES. REHABILITATION OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED IS SCHEMATIZED AS MOVEMENT FROM TOTAL DEPENDENCY TO INDEPENDENCE THROUGH PROGRESSIVE DEVELOPMENT OF LEVELS OF SKILL. IN SEQUENCE, THESE SKILLS INCLUDE PERSONAL AND PHYSICAL, SOCIAL AND COGNITIVE, VOCATIONAL AND ECONOMIC, AND, FINALLY, RESIDENTIAL. THROUGHOUT THE MANUAL, THE CONCEPT OF HABILITATIVE TRAINING REFERS TO LEARNING TO ENHANCE THE CONDITION OF THE RETARDED INDIVIDUAL'S PHYSICAL, MENTAL, SOCIAL, VOCATIONAL, AND ECONOMIC CONDITION, BEGINNING AT THE LEVEL OF THAT PERSON'S COMPETENCY. THE LEGAL RIGHTS OF RETARDED PERSONS ARE OUTLINED, WITH ATTENTION TO INVOLVEMENT OF CITIZEN ADVOCATES AND THE GENERAL MOVEMENT TOWARD FULL CITIZENSHIP OF MENTALLY RETARDED PEOPLE BASED ON A RECOGNITION OF THEIR HUMAN DIGNITY. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Attitude change; Correctional staff training for the disabled; Mental defectives; Offenders with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities; Prisoner's rights; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Rehabilitation; Socially challenged
Note: BULK RATES AVAILABLE
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65123

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.