skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 65137 Find in a Library
Title: PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS, SENTENCE AND RECONVICTION - A STATISTICAL STUDY OF A SAMPLE OF 5000 OFFENDERS CONVICTED IN JANUARY 1971 - GREAT BRITAIN
Author(s): G J O PHILLPOTTS; L B LANCUCKI
Corporate Author: Great Britain Home Office
Research and Planning Unit
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 59
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office
London. SW1H 9AT, England
Pendragon House
Mystic, CT 06355
Sale Source: Pendragon House
185 Willow Street
P.O. Box 424
Mystic, CT 06355
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THIS BRITISH HOME OFFICE STUDY ANALYZED SENTENCING PRACTICE AT A GIVEN TIME, SUBSEQUENT RECONVICTION PATTERNS, AND OFFENDERS' PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS ALL IN RELATION TO VARIOUS OFFENDER CHARACTERISTICS.
Abstract: FIVE THOUSAND OFFENDERS CONVICTED OF STANDARD OFFENSES IN JANUARY 1971 WERE INCLUDED IN THE SAMPLE. OFFENSES INCLUDED ALL INDICTABLE OFFENSES, ALL OTHER OFFENSES DEALT WITH AT THE CROWN COURT, AND A FEW NONINDICTABLE OFFENSES AND MOTORING OFFENSES DEALT WITH AT MAGISTRATES' COURTS. FOR ALL 5,000 OFFENDERS CONVICTED IN JANUARY 1971, PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS, SUBSEQUENT CONVICTIONS, AND OVERALL CONVICTIONS (I.E., CRIMINAL CAREERS) WERE STUDIED FOR THE 14-YEAR PERIOD, 1963-76. NAME, SEX, AND AGE FIGURED IN THE ANALYSIS AS DID THE DATE OF APPEARANCE IN COURT, TYPE OF SENTENCING COURT (CROWN OR MAGISTRATE), PRINCIPAL OFFENSES CLASSIFICATION, AND PRINCIPAL SENTENCE. RESULTS WERE THEN COMPARED WITH PREVIOUS STUDIES AND WITH JANUARY 1971 AND 1971 CRIMINAL STATISTICS TO SEE IF THE SAMPLE WAS REPRESENTATIVE. FINDINGS SUGGESTED THAT SEX, AGE, OFFENSE TYPE, AND NUMBER OF PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS HAVE SOME ASSOCIATION WITH THE TYPE OF SENTENCE GIVEN. IN GENERAL, THE OLDER THE OFFENDERS AND THE FEWER PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS, THE LOWER THE PROPORTION RECONVICTED. BOTH MALE AND FEMALE OFFENDERS TENDED TO BE CONVICTED OF SIMILAR TYPES OF OFFENSES IN CONSECUTIVE CONVICTIONS. NEVERTHELESS, FOR MALES THERE WAS AN APPRECIABLE CHANCE OF A CHANGE OF OFFENSE. A LIKELY FEATURE OF A CAREER OFFENDER CONVICTED ON A NUMBER OF OCCASIONS WAS A MIXTURE OF FINES AND CUSTODIAL SENTENCES. MORE FREQUENT OFFENDERS USUALLY WERE DEALT WITH AT THE CROWN COURT. THE MAIN RECONVICTION PATTERNS OBSERVED WERE LARGELY CONSISTENT WITH THOSE OF PREVIOUS STUDIES (E.G., HAMMOND) AND, IN THE SPECIFIC AREA OF RECONVICTION FOLLOWING CUSTODIAL SENTENCES, AGREED WITH PREVIOUSLY PUBLISHED RATES. APPENDIXES CONTAIN THE OFFENDERS INDEX, A STANDARD LIST OF OFFENSES, SENTENCES AND ORDERS, AND CHANGES IN LEGISLATION FOR THE PERIOD 1963-76. FOOTNOTES AND TABLES SUPPLEMENT THE TEXT. (MHP)
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Convictions; England; Habitual offenders; Offenders; Offense classification; Recidivists; Sentencing/Sanctions
Note: A HOME OFFICE STATISTICAL DEPARTMENT REPORT - HOME OFFICE RESEARCH STUDY N 53
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65137

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.