skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 65143 Find in a Library
Title: ALTERNATIVES TO PRISON - A THOUGHTFUL APPROACH TO CRIME AND PUNISHMENT
Author(s): J SOPER
Corporate Author: National Moratorium on Prison Construction
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 42
Sponsoring Agency: National Moratorium on Prison Construction
Washington, DC 20003
Sale Source: National Moratorium on Prison Construction
324 C Street, SE
Washington, DC 20003
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: ALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION ARE DESCRIBED THAT ARE AS UNCOERCIVE AND RESTRICTIVE AS POSSIBLE, DO NOT EXPAND STAFF OR COSTS, RESPECT THE INDIVIDUAL, AND ARE CONCILIATORY. MOST ARE IN CALIFORNIA.
Abstract: THE UNITARIAN UNIVERSALIST SERVICE COMMITTEE (USSC) PUT TOGETHER THIS SURVEY OF ALTERNATIVES ACTING ON THE BELIEF THAT PRISON IS INEFFECTIVE IN PREVENTING CRIMINAL ACTIVITY AND THAT THE MAJORITY OF PRISONERS ARE NOT DANGEROUS TO THE COMMUNITY. UUSC DEVELOPED A LIST OF CRITERIA FOR ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION AND THEN COLLECTED INFORMATION ON A NUMBER OF EXEMPLARY PROGRAMS AND PROCEDURES. AMONG THE DESCRIBED ALTERNATIVES ARE DECRIMINALIZATION OF VICTIMLESS CRIMES, INCLUDING OUTRIGHT DECRIMINALIZATION, RECLASSIFICATION, AND SUBSTITUTION OF NONCRIMINAL RESPONSES; USE OF MEDIATION/ARBITRATION CENTERS FOR RESOLVING DISPUTES AND FOR ALLOWING THE COMMUNITY MORE CONTROL OVER INTERNAL AFFAIRS; AND ESTABLISHMENT OF DRUG AND ALCOHOL CENTERS, SUCH AS THE DELANCEY STREET FOUNDATION IN SAN FRANCISCO, AND OPERATION CROSSROADS IN ERIE, PA. PRETRIAL DIVERSIONARY ALTERNATIVES ARE CITATIONS AND SUMMONS, NONBAIL RELEASE (RELEASE ON OWN RECOGNIZANCE, THIRD-PARTY CUSTODY, SUPERVISED RELEASE) SUCH AS PRACTICED IN SEVERAL AREAS AROUND THE COUNTRY AND CLEARING HOLD SYSTEMS (DETAINERS) USING TRAINED COMMUNITY WORKERS. TRIAL ALTERNATIVES COULD INCLUDE WEEKEND AND NIGHT COURTS (CURRENT PRACTICE IN SAN FRANCISCO) FOR RELIEVING SOME COURT DELAY. AFTER-TRIAL SENTENCES INVOLVING LITTLE OR NO INCARCERATION ARE RESTITUTION AND FINES (E.G., THE 'EARN IT' PROGRAM IN QUINCY, MASS., SWEDEN'S DAY FINE PROGRAM), PROBATION, WORK/EDUCATION FURLOUGH PROGRAMS (EXAMPLES IN MISSISSIPPI AND BROOKLYN, N.Y.), SHORT DETERMINATE SENTENCES, HALFWAY HOUSES, AND PRERELEASE GUIDANCE CENTERS. POSTINCARCERATION ALTERNATIVES, WHICH COULD REDUCE THE CHANCE OF RECIDIVISM AND UNEMPLOYMENT, INCLUDE GATE MONEY, MINIMUM WAGE PAID TO WORKING PRISONERS, UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS, AND POSTPRISON SUPPORT SERVICES. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS INCLUDED. (WJR)
Index Term(s): Alcoholism treatment programs; Alternative dispute settlement; Alternatives to institutionalization; California; Community involvement; Community-based corrections (adult); Decriminalization; Drug treatment programs; Law reform; Neighborhood justice centers; Victimless crimes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65143

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.