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NCJ Number: 65151 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: NATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF CASE DISPOSITION AND CLASSIFICATION IN THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM INCONSISTENT LABELING - VOLUME II - RESULTS OF A LITERATURE SEARCH
Author(s): C P SMITH; T E BLACK; A W WEIR
Corporate Author: American Justice Institute
National Juvenile Justice System Assessment Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 297
Sponsoring Agency: American Justice Institute
Sacramento, CA 95814
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Dept of Justice
Grant Number: 77NI-99-0009; 77JN-99-0008
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A COMPREHENSIVE LITERATURE REVIEW WAS CONDUCTED OF EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON THE FACTORS WHICH DETERMINE PROCESSING DECISIONS FOR JUVENILES AS THEY ENTER AND MAINTAIN CONTACT WITH THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM.
Abstract: THE REVIEW WAS MADE BY THE NATIONAL JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM ASSESSMENT CENTER AS PART OF THE INITIAL EFFORT TO ASSESS THE DYNAMICS OF CLASSIFICATION (I.E., FOR JUVENILES--AS DELINQUENT, STATUS OFFENDER, NEGLECTED CHILD, OR VICTIM). THE CENTER FOUND THAT TO DATE VIRTUALLY NO EMPIRICAL LITERATURE HAS FOCUSED ON HOW TO CLASSIFY THE JUVENILE; IT HAS LOOKED INSTEAD AT THE 'DISPOSITION' OF JUVENILES BY THE SYSTEM. THUS, THE FINDINGS REPORTED HERE REFLECT THE FACTORS WHICH APPEARED TO INFLUENCE (1) DECISIONS BY LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL, (2) DETENTION (3) COURT INTAKE, (4) COURT HEARINGS, AND (5) CORRECTIONAL PROCESSING. THE FACTORS STUDIED WERE THE SERIOUSNESS AND NATURE OF THE OFFENSE, PRIOR RECORD, VICTIM'S OR COMPLAINANT'S PREFERENCE, CODEFENDANTS, EVIDENCE, DEMEANOR OR ATTITUDE OF THE JUVENILE TOWARD THE POLICE, RACE, SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, SEX, AGE, AND FAMILY STATUS. FURTHER FACTORS CONSIDERED WERE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POLICE OFFICER, THE LIKELIHOOD OF FLIGHT, THE PRESENCE OF A DEFENSE COUNSEL, THE PROBATION OFFICER'S RECOMMENDATIONS, JUDICIAL IDEOLOGY AND ATTITUDES, AND THE JUVENILE JUSTICE ORIENTATION OF THE COURT. STAFF RECOMENDATIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS, EMOTIONAL SUPPORT IN THE HOME, AND PAROLE PROCEDURES WERE ALSO EXAMINED IN RELATION TO CORRECTIONAL CASE DISPOSITION. APPENDIXES LIST THE CENTER'S STAFF, ADVISORY COMMITTEE, AND PROGRAM MONITORS AND PROVIDE REFERENCES AND A SUPPLEMENTAL BIBLIOGRAPHY.
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Discretionary decisions; Judicial decisions; Juvenile court intake; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile offender classification; Juvenile processing; Labeling theory; Literature reviews; Police discretion; Prosecutorial discretion; Social classes; Youthful offenders
Note: REPORTS OF THE NATIONAL JUVENILE JUSTICE ASSESSMENT CENTERS
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65151

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