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NCJ Number: 65166 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: WHICH INMATES PARTICIPATE IN PRISON TREATMENT PROGRAMS?
Journal: JOURNAL OF OFFENDER COUNSELING SERVICES AND REHABILITATION  Volume:4  Issue:2  Dated:(WINTER 1979)  Pages:121-135
Author(s): J PETERSILIA
Corporate Author: Haworth Press, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Haworth Press, Inc
Binghamton, NY 13904
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 77-NI-99-0072
Sale Source: Haworth Press, Inc
10 Alice Street
Binghamton, NY 13904
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RECENT FINDINGS HAVE SHOWN THAT A SUBSTANTIAL PERCENTAGE OF PRISON TREATMENT PROGRAMS CAN BE DIFFERENTIALLY EFFECTIVE AND THAT FUTURE PRISON TREATMENT POLICY WILL CENTER ON RESOURCE ALLOCATION TO CERTAIN INMATES.
Abstract: THIS STUDY INVESTIGATED THE FOLLOWING ISSUES: (1) PERCENTAGE OF STATE PRISON INMATES NATIONWIDE NEEDING SPECIFIED TREATMENT PROGRAMS SUCH AS DRUG AND ALCOHOL REHABILITATION OR VOCATIONAL TRAINING; (2) PROPORTION OF THOSE INMATES WITH IDENTIFIED TREATMENT NEEDS THAT ARE TAKING PART IN APPROPRIATE PRISON TREATMENT PROGRAMS; AND (3) INMATE CHARACTERISTICS, SUCH AS AGE, RACE, PRIOR RECORD, AND LENGTH OF CURRENT SENTENCE THAT ARE PREDICTIVE OF PARTICIPATION IN TREATMENT PROGRAMS. DATA WERE GATHERED FROM A 1974 SURVEY OF STATE PRISON INMATES CONDUCTED BY THE U.S. BUREAU OF THE CENSUS UNDER LEAA AND INVOLVING PERSONAL INTERVIEWS OF 10,400 INMATES FROM 190 STATE CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES. FACILITIES WERE SCIENTIFICALLY SAMPLED FROM A COMPLETE NATIONAL UNIVERSE OF 710 FACILITIES. THE SAMPLE COMPRISED ABOUT 1 INMATE FOR EVERY 18 INCARCERATED IN STATE CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES NATIONWIDE; SAMPLE DATA WERE WEIGHTED TO REPRESENT THE ESTIMATED 191,400 INMATES IN STATE CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES. RESULTS SHOWED THAT 40 PERCENT OF INMATES NATIONWIDE PARTICIPATED IN SOME TREATMENT PROGRAM WHILE INCARCERATED. WHEN CLASSIFIED AS TO THEIR NEED FOR ALCOHOL OR DRUG REHABILITATION, JOB TRAINING, AND EDUCATION, AND WHEN THIS NEED WAS COMPARED TO THE ACTUAL TREATMENT RECEIVED, A TOTAL OF 22 PERCENT OF THE INMATES WERE FOUND TO REQUIRE ALCOHOL REHABILITATION, 23 PERCENT TO NEED DRUG REHABILITATION, 31 PERCENT TO REQUIRE JOB TRAINING, AND 68 PERCENT TO NEED FURTHER EDUCATION. ONE IN FOUR OR FIVE INMATES WITH IDENTIFIED NEEDS PARTICIPATED IN PRISON TREATMENT PROGRAMS RELATED TO THESE NEEDS. OLDER INMATES WERE MORE LIKELY TO RECEIVE ALCOHOL TREATMENT, WHEREAS YOUNGER INMATES MORE OFTEN RECEIVED EDUCATION AND JOB TRAINING. WHITES WERE MORE LIKELY TO RECEIVE ALCOHOL REHABILITATION AND BLACKS TO RECEIVE DRUG TREATMENT. LONG-TERMERS OR INMATES SERVING MORE THAN 5 YEARS WERE PREPONDERANTLY FOUND IN JOB TRAINING PROGRAMS. TREATMENT PROGRAMS APPEAR TO BE USED RANDOMLY WITH PERSONS OF ALL RACIAL, AGE, AND PRIOR CRIMINAL HISTORIES. FOOTNOTES AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--AOP)
Index Term(s): Alcoholism treatment programs; Drug treatment programs; Inmate academic education; Inmate Programs; Inmate vocational training; Literacy education; Older inmates; Recidivists
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65166

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