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NCJ Number: 65168 Find in a Library
Title: CURRENTLY DISCERNIBLE TRENDS AND THE CONTOURS OF PAROLE POLICY AND PRACTICE IN 1990
Journal: JOURNAL OF OFFENDER COUNSELING, SERVICES AND REHABILITATION  Volume:4  Issue:2  Dated:(WINTER 1979)  Pages:153-161
Author(s): N J PALLONE
Corporate Author: Haworth Press, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Haworth Press, Inc
Binghamton, NY 13904
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TRENDS IN PAROLE AS A SOCIAL INSTITUTION AND IN PAROLE SUPERVISION AS A CLINICAL PROCESS ARE IDENTIFIED AND DISCUSSED.
Abstract: TRENDS IN PAROLE CURRENTLY DISCERNIBLE ON THE BASIS OF RECENT RESEARCH AND ARE SUPPORTED BY PUBLIC ATTITUDES AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE COMMUNITY. WITHIN THE NEXT DECADE, PAROLE IS LIKELY TO BECOME MORE AVAILABLE TO FIRST OFFENDERS AND REPETITIVE OFFENDERS WHOSE CRIMES WERE NOT AGAINST PERSONS AND/OR DID NOT INVOLVE VIOLENCE, AS WELL AS TO OFFENDERS WHOSE CRIMES DO NOT GENERALLY AROUSE FEAR IN THE CITIZENRY (NOTABLY 'VICTIMLESS' CRIMES). EXPERIMENTS WITH 'INSTANT' PAROLE AND WITH 'SHOCK' PAROLE AFTER RELATIVELY SHORT PERIODS OF INCARCERATIONS ARE LIKELY TO INCREASE. PAROLE IS LIKELY TO BE GRANTED MORE DISCERNINGLY, PARTICULARLY TO THOSE OFFENDERS FOR WHOM POSITIVE OUTCOMES CAN REASONABLY BE EXPECTED ON THE BASIS OF 'CLINICAL' JUDGMENTS IMPROVED BY THE USE OF 'ACTUARIAL' PREDICTIONS. THE EXISTENCE OF A SUPPORTIVE, STABLE CONTEXT INTO WHICH THE POTENTIAL PAROLEE MAY BE RELEASED WILL BE FURTHER EMPHASIZED IN THE PAROLE DECISION PROCESS. THE PROFESSIONAL POLICE OFFICER'S ROLE IS LIKELY TO SHIFT FROM DIRECT SERVICE DELIVERY TO CLIENTS TO SUPERVISION OF DIRECT SERVICES PROVIDED BY PARAPROFESSIONAL PAROLE AIDES, MANY OF WHOM WILL BE EX-OFFENDERS. PAROLE SUPERVISION CLINCIAL PROCESSES ARE LIKELY TO CHANGE FROM THE LARGELY UNPRODUCTIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY METHODS TO INTERVENTIONS THAT DEAL WITH THE EXTERNAL REALITY PROBLEMS OF PAROLEES. THE THERAPEUTIC BENEFITS OF BEHAVIOR SURVEILLANCE WILL BE RECOGNIZED. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--RCB)
Index Term(s): Future trends; Probation or parole decisionmaking; Probation or parole services; Trend analysis
Note: PAPER BASED ON A KEYNOTE ADDRESS AT THE CONFERENCE ON THE FUTURE OF PAROLE SPONSORED BY THE DIVISION OF PAROLE, DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS, STATE OF NEW JERSEY, IN APRIL 1978
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65168

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