skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 65185 Find in a Library
Title: SOCIAL CONTROL IN THE UNITED STATES AND HOLLAND - A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS (FROM ALTERNATIVES TO PRISONS ISSUES AND OPTIONS, 1979, BY RODGER O DARNELL ET AL - SEE NCJ-65182)
Author(s): R MCMASTER
Corporate Author: University of Iowa
School of Social Work
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: University of Iowa
Iowa City, IA 52242
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: REASONS FOR THE LOW IMPRISONMENT RATE IN HOLLAND COMPARED WITH THAT IN THE UNITED STATES ARE IDENTIFIED AND DISCUSSED.
Abstract: IN 1970, THE UNITED STATES RANKED FIRST AMONG 15 NATIONS IN RATE OF IMPRISONMENT (200 INMATES PER 100,000 POPULATION), WHILE HOLLAND RANKED 15TH (22.4 INMATES PER 100,000 POPULATION). BY 1976, HOLLAND'S RATE OF IMPRISONMENT HAD BEEN REDUCED TO 18 PER 100,000 POPULATION, ABOUT ONE-TWELFTH OF THE IMPRISONMENT RATE IN THE UNITED STATES AT THAT TIME. POLICE AND PROSECUTORIAL DIVERSION POLICIES IN HOLLAND ARE LARGELY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE LOW IMPRISONMENT RATE. IN THE CASE OF MINOR OFFENSES, POLICE CAN DIRECTLY OFFER A FINE SETTLEMENT. IF THIS SETTLEMENT IS NOT ACCEPTED BY THE INVOLVED CITIZEN, THEN THE CASE IS REFERRED TO THE PUBLIC PROSECUTOR. THE PROSECUTOR THEN HAS THE OPTIONS (1) TO NOT PROSECUTE, SHOULD IT BE DEEMED AGAINST THE INTERESTS OF SOCIETY OR THE ALLEGED OFFENDER; (2) TO SUSPEND THE DECISION TO PROSECUTE FOR A PERIOD OF TIME, USUALLY WITH THE CONDITION THAT THE CHARGED PERSON CONFORM TO CERTAIN BEHAVIORS; (3) TO OFFER A SETTLEMENT, USUALLY A FINE; (4) TO ORDER FURTHER INVESTIGATIONS, WHERE THE PROSECUTOR BELIEVES MORE INFORMATION IS NEEDED BEFORE A DECISION ABOUT CASE DISPOSITION CAN BE MADE; AND (5) TO PROSECUTE AN ACTION RESERVED ONLY FOR THE MORE SERIOUS CASES. THERE ARE NO JURIES IN HOLLAND, AND JUDGES ARE REQUIRED TO HAVE OCCUPATIONAL CONTACT WITH THE CORRECTIONS AND ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM BEFORE THEY ARE QUALIFIED TO BECOME JUDGES. THIS REQUIREMENT HAS APPARENTLY HAD THE EFFECT OF PRODUCING MORE LENIENT JUDICIAL SENTENCES. THIS TEMPERATE AND HUMANE HANDLING OF OFFENDERS IS POSSIBLE BECAUSE OF THE CLIMATE OF HUMANE VALUES HELD BY THE DUTCH POPULATION OVER THE GENERATIONS. THIS CAN BE CONSTRASTED WITH THE RIGID, PUNITIVE TRADITION OF AMERICAN VALUES REGARDING THE TREATMENT OF THOSE WHO VIOLATE LAWS. NOTES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Incarceration; Netherlands; Police diversion; Prosecutorial diversion; Prosecutorial screening; Public Attitudes/Opinion; United States of America
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65185

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.