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NCJ Number: 65204 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: REDUCING VICTIM/WITNESS INTIMIDATION - A PACKAGE
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: American Bar Assoc
Criminal Justice Section
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 51
Sponsoring Agency: American Bar Assoc
Washington, DC 20005-1009
American Bar Assoc.
Washington, DC 20036
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: American Bar Assoc.
1800 M Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: INTIMIDATION HAS BEEN RECOGNIZED AS A CRIME OF SUFFICIENT IMPORTANCE TO REQUIRE LEGISLATION AND ACTION MEASURES AT ALL LEVELS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE COMMUNITY. AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION RECOMMENDATIONS TO THIS END ARE CITED.
Abstract: INTIMIDATION OF VICTIMS AND WITNESSES OF CRIME IS A UNIQUE PROBLEM: IT IS THE ONE CRIME IN WHICH ONLY UNSUCCESSFUL ATTEMPTS ARE REPORTED, AND IT IS A CRIME WHICH INHERENTLY THWARTS THE PROCESSES OF THE JUSTICE SYSTEM ITSELF. EXISTING STATE STATUTES ARE INADEQUATE TO DEAL WITH INTIMIDATION, AS ARE PROCEDURES USED BY LAW ENFORCEMENT AND PROSECUTORS. INTIMIDATION TAKES THREE GENERAL FORMS: (1) THREAT BY THE CRIME PERPETRATOR TO 'GET' THE VICTIM, HIS FAMILY, OR PROPERTY IF THE POLICE ARE CALLED; (2) CULTURAL INTIMIDATION, PREVALENT IN URBAN SUBCULTURES, WHEN NEIGHBORS AND FAMILY DETER A WITNESS FROM SEEKING REDRESS THROUGH OFFICIAL MECHANISMS; (3) PERCEIVED INTIMIDATION, IN WHICH NO REAL THREAT IS MADE, BUT POTENTIAL VICTIMS ARE HAUNTED BY FEAR OF ATTACK. THE AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION (ABA) RECOMMENDATIONS GREW OUT OF HEARINGS HELD WITH PARTICIPANTS FROM THE FULL RANGE OF INVOLVED PROFESSIONS AS WELL AS WITH VICTIMS. THE EXTENSIVE RECOMMENDATIONS PRESENTED INCLUDE SUPPORTIVE COMMENTARY ADDRESSED TO THE AREAS OF LEGISLATION, LAW ENFORCEMENT, PROSECUTION, COURTS, COMMUNITY GROUPS, AND THE ORGANIZED BAR. IN ADDITION, A MODEL STATUTE PROPOSES CHANGES IN THE FELONY AND MISDEMEANOR GRADING PROVISIONS AND PROMOTES LEGISLATIVE COVERAGE OF PROSECUTION AND DEFENSE WITNESSES AND COURT PROCEDURES. THE APPENDIXES PROVIDE A LIST OF THE HEARING WITNESSES AND PANEL MEMBERS AND A COPY OF THE ABA CRIMINAL JUSTICE SECTION COMMITTEE ON VICTIMS' ORIGINAL RECOMMENDATION PACKAGE. (MRK)
Index Term(s): American Bar Association (ABA); Law reform; Model law; State laws; Victim-witness intimidation; Witness assistance; Witness protection
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65204

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