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NCJ Number: 65248 Find in a Library
Title: STUDY OF OFFICIAL CORRUPTION (FROM QUEST FOR JUSTICE, 1973)
Author(s): D BURNHAM
Corporate Author: American Bar Association
United States of America
Date Published: 1973
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: American Bar Association
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: BASED ON DETAILED STUDY IN NEW YORK CITY AND OTHER AREAS, THE AUTHOR CONTENDS THAT CORRUPTION HAS A SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON THE OPERATION OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN MANY CITIES.
Abstract: IN THE PAST, RESEARCHERS HAVE NOT STUDIED CORRUPTION, PARTLY BECAUSE THEY ASSUME MANY PERSONS SHARE THEIR HARD-WORKING, CONCERNED, AND REFORMIST ATTITUDES AND PARTLY BECAUSE THEY CONSIDER CORRUPTION A FAILURE OF INDIVIDUALS RATHER THAN SYSTEMS. ONCE CORRUPTION IS PERCEIVED AS A MATTER OF SYSTEMATIC FAILURE, HOWEVER, RESEARCH IS EASIER TO CONDUCT. CORRUPTION CAN BE DEFINED AS A CONDITION, PERHAPS LIKE A DISEASE, WHICH HAS A DEBILITATING EFFECT ON THE DAY-TO-DAY PERFORMANCE OF MANY INSTITUTIONS. THE SYSTEM OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE IS PROBABLY MORE VULNERABLE BECAUSE ITS OFFICIALS HAVE VAST DISCRETION AND ALMOST A TOTAL LACK OF MONITORING OF THEIR CONDUCT. IN JUST ONE SEGMENT OF THE SYSTEM, THE POLICE, CORRUPTION RESULTS IN THE NONENFORCEMENT OF A WIDE RANGE OF LAWS AND REGULATIONS, IMPACTS ON HOW POLICEMEN ARE DEPLOYED AND RESPOND TO CITIZEN REQUESTS FOR HELP, AFFECTS PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARD THE POLICE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT, AND AFFECTS THE ATTITUDES POLICE HOLD TOWARD THEMSELVES AND THEIR JOBS. CORRUPTION UNDERMINES AUTHORITY, DISCOURAGES THE MORE IDEALISTIC, IS A MAJOR SECRET TAX, GENERATES OTHER CRIME, AND CORRODES OTHERS IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. CORRUPTION RESEARCH SHOULD MEASURE THE EXTENT AND IMPACT OF THE PROBLEM IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE SYSTEM AND IN DIFFERENT CITIES; SHOULD LEARN WHY CORRUPT PRACTICES HAVE COME TO EXIST; AND SHOULD DEVELOP STRATEGIES TO REDUCE CORRUPTION, SUCH AS REMOVING THE CORRUPTION HAZARD THROUGH CHANGES IN THE CRIMINAL LAW. (AOP)
Index Term(s): Abuse of authority; Bribery; Corruption of public officials; Kickbacks; New York; Police corruption; Unlawful compensation; White collar crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65248

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