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NCJ Number: 65324 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINAL VICTIMIZATION - A NEW RESEARCH THEME IN SOCIAL GEOGRAPHY
Author(s): T BIRTLES
Corporate Author: University of Sydney
Dept of Geography
Institute of Australian Geographers
Australia
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
University of Sydney
Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: BASED ON VICTIM CRIME REPORTS, A GEOGRAPHER'S TENTATIVE FINDINGS OF AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION INTO THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE PLACES OF CRIMINAL OFFENSE OCCURRENCE ARE PRESENTED.
Abstract: THE EMPIRICAL NATURE OF THIS INVESTIGATION IS JUSTIFIED BY THE ABSENCE OF ESTABLISHED THEORY IN THE FIELD OF CRIME VICTIMIZATION AND BY THE COMPARATIVELY RECENT INVOLVEMENT OF GEOGRAPHERS IN CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH. CRIMINAL STATISTICS ARE ALSO OF DOUBTFUL RELIABILITY, ESPECIALLY BECAUSE OF THE LARGE NUMBER OF UNREPORTED AND/OR UNDETECTED CRIMES. FOLLOWING SOME STATISTICS OF VARIOUS OFFENSE TYPES COMPILED FROM VICTIMIZATION DATA IN THE UNITED STATES AND ENGLAND, AUSTRALIAN TABULAR DATA ARE PROVIDED FROM THE SYDNEY METROPOLITAN AREA. ACCORDING TO VICTIMS' REPORTS, THE HIGHEST INCIDENCE OCCURRED IN PROPERTY CRIME (I.E., LARCENY AND BURGLARY). THE VICTIM SURVEY PRODUCED NO REPORT OF RAPE VICTIMIZATION AND SHOWED THAT 72 PERCENT OF SYDNEY HOUSEHOLDS WERE FREE OF CRIME. VICTIMIZATION RATES AND DISTRIBUTION (OVER SIX METROPOLITAN AREAS) FROM THE UNITED STATES, SHOWED THAT, CONTRARY TO GENERAL OPINION, PERSONS OVER 65 ARE VICTIMIZED BY BURGLARY, THEFT, ROBBERY, ASSAULT, AND PURSE SNATCHING TO A MUCH LESSER DEGREE THAN YOUNGER PEOPLE. THIS MAY BE DUE TO GREATER CAUTION ON THE PART OF ELDERLY CITIZENS IN EXPOSING THEMSELVES TO CRIME RISK. ANOTHER GEOGRAPHIC SURVEY OF CRIME IN THE UNITED STATES INDICATED THAT THE MAJORITY OF CRIMES TAKES PLACE OUTDOORS (E.G., STREETS, FIELDS, PARKS, PLAYGROUNDS), FOLLOWED BY OFFICES AND COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS. THE PAPER RECOMMENDS FURTHER RESEARCH IN THE GEOGRAPHY OF CRIME IN ORDER TO OBTAIN ACCURATE STATISTICS ACCORDING TO SUCH VARIABLES AS REGIONS, STATES, CITIES, OTHER AREAS, AND ALSO BY TYPE OF INDOOR AND OUTDOOR CRIME LOCATIONS. A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF 89 ENTRIES IS APPENDED.
Index Term(s): Australia; Crime Statistics; Crimes against persons; England; Geographic distribution of crime; Property crimes; Rape; United States of America; Unreported crimes; Victimization; Victimology
Note: PAPER PRESENTED TO THE 15TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INSTITUTE OF AUSTRALIAN GEOGRAPHERS, TOWNSVILLE (AUSTRALIA), AUGUST 1978
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65324

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