skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 65329 Find in a Library
Title: CRIME AND COMPARATIVE RESEARCH
Author(s): J CROFT
Corporate Author: Great Britain Home Office
Research and Planning Unit
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office
London. SW1H 9AT, England
Her Majesty's Stationery Office
Norwich, NR3 1GN,
Publication Number: 57
Sale Source: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
PO Box 29
Norwich, NR3 1GN,
United Kingdom
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THE STUDY DISCUSSES HOW COMPARATIVE RESEARCH METHODS CAN CONTRIBUTE TO THE ANALYSIS OF CRIME PROBLEMS AND THE ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE.
Abstract: THE COSTS OF CRIME ARE ENORMOUS WHEN ONLY EXPENDITURES ON LAW, ORDER, AND PROTECTIVE SERVICES ARE CONSIDERED. HIDDEN COSTS ARE MORE DIFFICULT TO MEASURE, BUT INCLUDE THE IMPACT OF CRIME ON THE ENVIRONMENT, VICTIMS, AND THE GENERAL QUALITY OF LIFE. SINCE CRIME IS LIKELY TO INCREASE IN INDUSTRALIZED AREAS, COUNTRIES SHOULD CONSIDER THE CONSEQUENCES IF RESOURCE ALLOCATIONS FOR CRIME CONTROL WERE ALTERED. IN THE WESTERN WORLD THE PRIMARY OBJECTIVE OF LAW AND ORDER SERVICES IS TO PREVENT AND SUPPRESS CRIME, BUT RECENTLY CRITICS HAVE FOCUSED ON WHAT INTERESTS BENEFIT FROM CRIME CONTROL. THE FAILURE OF THE REHABILITATIVE IDEAL HAS CAUSED CRIMINOLOGISTS TO EMPHASIZE THE ROLE OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. THE PENAL SYSTEM IS CHANGING BECAUSE OF RISING COSTS, INEFFECTIVENESS, AND INCREASED POPULATIONS, AND THE TREND IS TOWARD COMMUNITY BASED INSTITUTIONS. IN REALITY THE JUSTICE SYSTEM IS NOT SYSTEMATIC AND IS DIFFICULT TO CONTROL IN A RATIONAL MANNER. MORE INFORMATION IS NEEDED ON THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CRIME AND SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS, POLITICS, AND THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT. COMPARATIVE RESEARCH COULD CONTRIBUTE TO A REASSESSMENT OF CRIME PROBLEMS BY CONTRASTING SITUATIONS IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES AT BOTH CURRENT AND HISTORICAL POINTS IN TIME. ALTHOUGH ETHICAL AND POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS COULD INHIBIT SOME RESEARCH, NATIONAL PROBLEMS CAN STILL BE ILLUMINATED BY PLACING THEM IN AN INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE. EXAMPLES OF SUITABLE SUBJECTS INCLUDE IMMIGRANTS AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. SUCH RESEARCH WOULD BE MORE ANALYTICAL THAN EMPIRICAL, SINCE EXACTLY COMPARABLE INFORMATION IS DIFFICULT TO COLLECT FROM VARIED COUNTRIES AND CULTURES. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (MJM)
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Comparative criminology; Crime costs; Multinational studies
Note: HOME OFFICE RESEARCH STUDY
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65329

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.