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NCJ Number: 65335 Find in a Library
Title: CRIME AND PUNISHMENT IN THE ARMY (FROM EVALUATION STUDIES REVIEW ANNUAL, VOL 4, N 1979, BY LEE SECHREST ET AL SEE NCJ-65332)
Author(s): R J HART
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ARTICLE EXAMINES THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CRIME AND PUNISHMENT AND FINDS THE MAJOR DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DETERRENCE AND LABELING THEORY TO BE THEORETICAL PREDICTIONS ABOUT THE EFFECTS OF PUNISHMENT.
Abstract: LABELING THEORY SUGGESTS THAT LEADERS RESPONSIBLE FOR ENFORCING THE LAW RESPOND TO THE CRIME THEY SEE BY USING INCREASED PUNISHMENT AS A DETERRENCE. RECIPIENTS, HOWEVER, OFTEN RESPOND TO THIS PUNISHMENT WITH A FEELING OF INJUSTICE. THEY THEN BREAK THE LAW MORE FREQUENTLY AND CREATE EVEN MORE SERIOUS PROBLEMS. THE OPERATION OF THIS TYPE OF DILEMMA IN A U.S. ARMY POPULATION WAS TESTED WITH CROSS-LAGGED PANEL CORRELATION, USING COMPANIES (GROUPS OF ABOUT 200 SOLDIERS) AS THE UNIT OF ANALYSIS. IN 50 COMPANIES, COMPANY LEADERS PUNISHED THEIR SUBORDINATES, PARTICULARLY BLACKS, AS A RESPONSE TO THE LAWLESSNESS THEY ATTRIBUTED TO THESE SUBORDINATES. SUBORDINATES RESPONDED TO THIS PUNISHMENT WITH A SENSE OF BEING UNJUSTLY TREATED WHICH LED TO INCREASED LAWLESSNESS. OBSERVATIONS ARE OFFERED ABOUT THE USEFULNESS OF THE METHODOLOGY (USING GROUPS THAT ARE ASSOCIATED TOGETHER AS THE UNIT OF ANALYSIS), AND THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE DILEMMA FOR LAW-ABIDINGNESS. SOCIETY'S MORAL RELATIVITY (DIFFERENT GROUPS DISAGREEING OVER MORALITY AND LEGALITY OF VARIOUS ACTIONS) AND THE MOVEMENT AWAY FROM TRADITIONAL VALUES COULD CAUSE AN INCREASE IN THE LABELING RESPONSE TO PUNISHMENT. REFERENCE NOTES AND A LIST OF REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (SEE NCJ 65332) (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED - MJW)
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Criminology; Deterrence effectiveness; Evaluation; Labeling theory; Punishment; Role perception; US Army
Note: REPRINTED FROM JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, V 36, N 12 (1979), P 1456-1471
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65335

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