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NCJ Number: 65346 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: JUVENILE JUSTICE LEGISLATION - A FRAMEWORK FOR EVALUATION (FROM CRITICAL ISSUES IN JUVENILE DELINQUENCY, 1980, BY DAVID SHICHOR AND DELAS H KELLY - SEE NCJ-65344)
Author(s): K S TEILMANN; M W KLEIN
Corporate Author: Lexington Books
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
US Dept of Justice
Grant Number: 77-JN-99-0012
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A MODEL THAT IS BASED ON EXPERIENCES WITH CALIFORNIA LEGISLATION, TO ASSESS THE RECEPTION AND IMPACT OF LAWS GOVERNING JUVENILE JUSTICE IS PRESENTED.
Abstract: NEW LEGISLATION HAS BEEN DEVELOPING ACROSS THE COUNTRY IN RESPONSE TO THREE MAJOR TRENDS: THE CHILDREN'S RIGHTS MOVEMENT, THE WAR ON CRIME WHICH EMPHASIZES SEVERE HANDLING OF SERIOUS OFFENDERS, AND LEGALIZATION WITH PARTICULAR CONCERN FOR DUE PROCESS. THIS FRAMEWORK HELPS EVALUATE THESE LAWS. IT INITIALLY FOCUSED ON INTERPRETATIONS OF VARIOUS PROVISIONS BY JUVENILE JUSTICE PROFESSIONALS AND ADEQUACY OF APPROPRIATED FUNDS AS EVIDENCE OF COMMITMENT. THE MODEL THEN EXAMINED LAW ENFORCEMENT TRENDS CONTRIBUTING TO THE NEW LAWS AND THE DEGREE OF PHILOSOPHICAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN LEGISLATORS AND THOSE PERSONS RESPONSIBLE FOR IMPLEMENTATION. FINALLY, THE EFFECT OF LEGISLATION UPON THE APPORTIONMENT OF CONTROL OVER JUVENILES AND PROCESSES AMONG CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCIES WAS ASSESSED. WHEN THE MODELS WAS APPLIED TO CALIFORNIA LAW AB3121, IT ACCURATELY PREDICTED THAT THE PROVISION PROHIBITING STATUS OFFENDER PLACEMENT IN SECURE DETENTION WOULD ENCOUNTER SERIOUS RESISTANCE. LEGISLATIVE MANDATE, FISCAL IMPLICATIONS, AND PHILOSOPHIC AGREEMENT WERE MOST USEFUL IN PREDICTING IMPLEMENTATION. THE CALIFORNIA LEGISLATION DID NOT PROVIDE A PRACTICAL DEFINITION OF SECURE DETENTION, PERMITTING MANY INTERPRETATIONS, AND DID NOT APPROPRIATE FUNDS FOR ALTERNATIVE FACILITIES. THE MODEL SUGGESTS THAT THE PROVISION REQUIRING THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY'S PRESENCE AT ALL DELINQUENCY HEARINGS WILL BE THE MOST IMPLEMENTED REGULATION SINCE IT CODIFIED AN EXISTING TREND AND WAS PROMOTED BY THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY'S OFFICE. NOTES AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): California; Evaluation techniques; Juvenile codes; Juvenile detention; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile status offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65346

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