skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 65357 Find in a Library
Title: DELINQUENCY IN DEVELOPING AND DEVELOPED SOCIETIES (FROM CRITICAL ISSUES IN JUVENILE DELINQUENCY, 1980, BY DAVID SHICHOR AND DELOS H KELLY - SEE NCJ-65344)
Author(s): T N FERDINAND
Corporate Author: Lexington Books
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE IMPACT OF CHANGE ON DEVELOPING AND DEVELOPED SOCIETIES IS EXAMINED AS IT RELATES TO DIFFERENT TYPES OF DELINQUENCY.
Abstract: THE PRINCIPAL PROBLEM FACING DEVELOPING SOCIETIES TODAY IS THE ASSIMILATION OF MIGRANTS FROM THE FOLK-ORIENTED HINTERLAND INTO URBAN SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC PATTERNS. MIGRANTS IN COMMERCIAL ENVIRONMENTS HAVE FEW MARKETABLE SKILLS AND ARE REDUCED TO LIVING AT THE POVERTY LEVEL. WEAK FAMILY TIES AND THE IMPORTANCE OF STREET LIFE CULTURE FOR YOUNG MALES ENCOURAGE THE FORMATION OF GANGS. AS ADOLESCENTS OF THESE FAMILIES MOVE BEYOND PARENTAL AUTHORITY, THEY ARE POORLY PREPARED FOR SOCIALLY AND ECONOMICALLY REWARDING ROLES AND OFTEN TURN TO DELINQUENCY. SINCE WORLD WAR II, SOCIETY IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES HAS BEEN CHARACTERIZED BY BUREAUCRATIZATION. CITIZENS RECEIVE NUMEROUS BENEFITS SO THAT THEY CAN FUNCTION EFFECTIVELY. BUT AN ADOLESCENT CULTURE HAS EMERGED THAT DOES NOT WISH TO PARTICIPATE IN THIS SOCIETY AND REJECTS ADULT RESPONSIBILITIES AND AMBITIONS. BIZARRE GANGS HAVE DEVELOPED, SUCH AS THE YIPPIES AND THE TEDDY BOYS, WHO ADOPT DISTINCTIVE MANNERISMS, INCLUDE BOTH SEXES, AND HAVE LITTLE INTEREST IN LEAVING ADOLESCENT SOCIETY. STUDIES OF EUROPEAN YOUTH GROUPS FOUND THAT GANG ACTIVITIES STEMMED FROM REBELLION AGAINST CONVENTIONS AND THAT BEHAVIOR WAS DISRUPTIVE AND IRRESPONSIBLE RATHER THAN DELIBERATELY CRIMINAL. ADOLESCENTS TURN TO HEDONISTIC ACTIVITIES BECAUSE MODERN SOCIETY HAS HIGH EDUCATIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR IMPORTANT CAREERS, BUT IT OFFERS NO GUARANTEE THAT ALL THOSE WHO COMPLETE THE COURSE WILL BE JUSTLY REWARDED. DISSOCIATION FROM THE MIDDLE-CLASS WORK ETHIC INSULATES LOWER-CLASS ADOLESCENTS FROM DISAPPOINTMENT WHEN VOCATIONAL OR SOCIAL AMBITIONS CANNOT BE REALIZED. THIS PATTERN FIRST OCCURRED IN POST-WAR ENGLAND, BUT CAN BE SEEN IN URBAN GANGS IN THE UNITED STATES. THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM HAS RESPONDED TO THE NEW TYPE OF DELINQUENT BY DISTINGUISHING BETWEEN STATUS AND DELINQUENT OFFENDERS AND BY RELINQUISHING ITS SURROGATE PARENT ROLE. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (MJM)
Index Term(s): Economic influences; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Social change
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65357

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.