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NCJ Number: 65359 Find in a Library
Title: SOME ISSUES OF SOCIAL POLICY IN THE FIELD OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY (FROM CRITICAL ISSUES IN JUVENILE DELINQUENCY, 1980, BY DAVID SHICHOR AND DELOS H KELLY SEE NCJ-65344)
Author(s): D SHICHOR
Corporate Author: Lexington Books
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: CRITICAL ISSUES IN JUVENILE DELINQUENCY PREVENTION AND TREATMENT ARE EXAMINED FROM THREE THEORETICAL APPROACHES--LIBERAL, RADICAL, AND CONSERVATIVE--AND COMPROMISE STRATEGIES ARE SUGGESTED.
Abstract: SOCIAL POLICIES ARE FORMULATED BY POLITICIANS WHO MAY CONSIDER THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF SOCIAL SCIENTISTS. SOCIAL POLICIES DEALING WITH JUVENILE DELINQUENCY ARE DIVIDED INTO PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES AND PROGRAMS CONCERNED WITH TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION OF DELINQUENTS. BASED ON 19TH CENTURY REFORM MOVEMENTS, THE LIBERAL APPROACH HAS BEEN WIDESPREAD AND MOST INFLUENTIAL IN THE TREATMENT OF JUVENILE OFFENDERS. THIS TREND HAS BEEN CHARACTERIZED BY A PROTECTIVE ORIENTATION AND RELIANCE ON PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERPRETATIONS OF CRIME CAUSES AS EVIDENCED IN RESIDENTIAL TREATMENT CENTERS AND DIVERSION PROGRAMS. RADICAL CRIMINOLOGISTS ARE VERY CRITICAL OF THIS APPROACH; THEY CLAIM THAT THE CAUSES OF DELINQUENCY ARE ROOTED NOT IN THE INDIVIDUAL BUT IN THE CAPITALIST SYSTEM. POLITICAL ACTIVISM CHARACTERIZES RADICAL CRIMINOLOGISTS, WHO GENERALLY ADVOCATE COMMUNITY CONTROL AND DECENTRALIZATION. CONSERVATIVES PROPOSE A RETURN TO THE RETRIBUTIVE PRINCIPLE OF JUSTICE AND PROMOTE DETERMINATE SENTENCING AND INCARCERATION. WHILE NONE OF THESE APPROACHES ARE WITHOUT DRAWBACKS, SOME COMPROMISE STRATEGIES COULD COMBINE BENEFITS OF ALL OF THEM. SOME MODERATES HAVE SUGGESTED BASIC POLICY CHANGES TO REDUCE JUVENILE DELINQUENCY WITHOUT OVERHAULING THE ENTIRE SOCIAL SYSTEM. THE CHANGES WOULD FOCUS ON DEVELOPING A JUVENILE'S POSITIVE SELF-IMAGE AND SECURING A COMMITMENT TO CONFORMING BEHAVIOR. IMPLEMENTATION WOULD BE THROUGH COMMUNITY PROGRAMS TO GIVE JUVENILES MORE STATUS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR RESPONSIBILITY. NOTES AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile treatment methods; Policy; Punishment; Radical criminology
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65359

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