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NCJ Number: 65367 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING IN BUILDINGS - METHODS OF ECONOMIC EVALUATION - FINAL REPORT
Author(s): R T RUEGG
Corporate Author: US Dept of Commerce
National Bureau of Standards
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 47
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Commerce
Washington, DC 20234
Sale Source: US Dept of Commerce
National Bureau of Standards
Washington, DC 20234
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS REPORT ADDRESSES ECONOMIC ISSUES IMPORTANT TO THE DESIGN, ACQUISITION, AND CONSUMER-COST EVALUATION OF SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEMS IN BUILDINGS. ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF SOLAR AND CONVENTIONAL SYSTEMS IS COMPARED.
Abstract: IT IS INTENDED PRIMARILY AS A RESOURCE DOCUMENT FOR RESEARCHERS AND ANALYSTS WHO ARE CONCERNED WITH THE DESIGN AND EVALUATION OF SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEMS FOR BUILDINGS. FOCUS IS ON ACQUISITION, MAINTENANCE, AND OPERATION COSTS OVER THE LIFE OF A SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEM AS COMPARED WITH THOSE FOR A COUNTERPART CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM. THE PAPER IDENTIFIES RELEVANT COSTS, DISCUSSES DATA COLLECTION REQUIREMENTS, ILLUSTRATES THE DISCOUNTING OF COSTS, DEVELOPS GENERALIZED LIFE-CYCLE COST AND BENEFIT-COST MODELS, SETS FORTH TECHNIQUES FOR DEVELOPING MODELS FOR UNIQUE PROBLEMS, AND DISCUSSES HOW THE EFFECTIVE LIFE-CYCLE COSTS TO THE OWNER OF A SOLAR-EQUIPPED BUILDING WOULD BE ALTERED BY CURRENT TAX LAWS, INSURANCE, AND GOVERNMENTAL INCENTIVE PROGRAMS. ASSUMPTIONS REGARDING THE DISCOUNT RATE, THE PERIOD OF ANALYSIS, AND THE RATE OF PRICE ESCALATION IN NONRENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES. THE PROBLEM OF MAKING COST-EFFECTIVE TRADEOFFS AT THE DESIGN STAGE, INCLUDING TRADEOFFS AMONG COMPONENTS OF SOLAR SYSTEMS, IS DISCUSSED AT LENGTH. ELEMENTS EVALUATED INCLUDE THERMAL STORAGE CAPACITY VERSUS COLLECTOR SIZE; THE PROPORTION OF HEATING AND COOLING TO BE PROVIDED BY THE SOLAR AND AUXILIARY SUPPORT SYSTEMS; AND ENERGY CONSERVING MEASURES VERSUS HEATING AND COOLING LOADS. FOR ILLUSTRATION PURPOSES, THE PROCESS OF FINDING THE ECONOMICALLY EFFICIENT COMBINATION OF BUILDING ENVELOPE AND INTERNAL SPACE CONDITIONING SYSTEM WHICH WILL SATISFY USER REQUIREMENTS IS ANALYZED. TABULAR DATA AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. (MRK)
Index Term(s): Consumption rates; Cost analysis; Economic planning; Energy conservation; Energy requirements; Long range planning
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65367

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