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NCJ Number: 65398 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: NATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF SERIOUS JUVENILE CRIME AND THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM: THE NEED FOR A RATIONAL RESPONSE, V 1--SUMMARY
Author(s): C P SMITH; P S ALEXANDER
Corporate Author: American Justice Institute
National Juvenile Justice System Assessment Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 84
Sponsoring Agency: American Justice Institute
Sacramento, CA 95814
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Dept of Justice
Grant Number: 77-NI-99-0009; 77-JN-99-0008
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A SERIES OF ASSESSMENT REPORTS ON THE IMPACT OF SERIOUS JUVENILE CRIME ON AMERICAN SOCIETY, AS WELL AS THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM'S RESPONSE TO JUVENILE DELINQUENCY, ARE SUMMARIZED IN THIS REPORT.
Abstract: USING RELEVANT DEFINITIONS GATHERED FROM A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE, STATISTICS, AND EXPERT OPINION CONCERNING JUVENILE DELINQUENTS, THIS REPORT ASSESSES PATTERNS AND TRENDS OF SERIOUS JUVENILE CRIME; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION, CONTEXTS, AND SETTINGS OF SERIOUS JUVENILE CRIME; AND CHARACTERISTICS OF JUVENILES ARRESTED AND ADJUDICATED FOR SERIOUS OFFENSES. ASSESSMENT OF THESE TOPICS WAS BASED ON AN INFORMAL SURVEY, A REVIEW OF AVAILABLE NATIONAL DATA, A NATIONWIDE SURVEY OF STATE AGENCIES, AND A GENERAL LITERATURE SEARCH ON RELEVANT CHARACTERISTICS. ANOTHER ASSESSMENT CONCERNING THE STATE OF KNOWLEDGE OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND SERIOUS CRIME AMONG JUVENILES USED ABSTRACTS, REFERENCE LISTS, AND INDEXES OF LITERATURE FROM 1968 THROUGH 1978. ALL BUT 4 OF THE 77 SUBSTANCE ABUSE STUDIES WERE CONCERNED PRIMARILY WITH ADULTS; YET ALL HAD SOME RELEVANCE FOR JUVENILE DRUG ABUSE AND SERIOUS CRIME. STATUTES IN THE UNITED STATES THAT RELATE TO THE SERIOUS JUVENILE OFFENDER, AND ARE REPORTED HERE, WERE DERIVED FROM A STATUTORY ANALYSIS OF FEDERAL GUIDELINES AND JUVENILE LAW IN THE 50 STATES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CONCERNING THE DISPOSITIONAL METHODS CREATED SPECIFICALLY FOR DEALING WITH THE SERIOUS JUVENILE OFFENDER. STATUTORY PROVISIONS REGARDING THE JURISDICTION OF THE JUVENILE COURT AND THE CRIMINAL COURT OVER YOUTHS UNDER THE AGE OF 18 IN ALL 51 STATE JURISDICTIONS ARE ALSO PRESENTED. A TOTAL OF 14 PROGRAMS FOR THE INTERVENTION AND TREATMENT OF SERIOUS JUVENILE OFFENDERS ARE EVALUATED. OTHER TOPICS ASSESSED INCLUDE THE CONFIDENTIALITY OF JUVENILE RECORDS AND THE ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF SERIOUS JUVENILE CRIME. OVERALL, THE ASSESSMENT SHOWS THAT FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL RESOURCES AND POLICIES SHOULD CONCENTRATE ON SEVERE OFFENSES, CHRONIC OFFENDERS, AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF A RATIONAL RESPONSE TO JUVENILE CRIME THROUGH IMPROVED RESEARCH, STATISTICS, LAW, PROCEDURES, AND PROGRAMS. A TABLE ILLUSTRATES THE SELLIN-WOLFGANG SERIOUSNESS SCALE. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. NAMES OF THE STAFF, ADVISORY COMMITTEE, AND PROGRAM MONITORS FOR THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM ASSESSMENT CENTER ARE APPENDED. FOR A FULL REPORT, SEE NCJ 65399 THROUGH 65401.
Index Term(s): Cost effectiveness analysis; Crime costs; Drug abuse; Economic influences; Juvenile court procedures; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile designated felonies; Juvenile justice system; Laws and Statutes; Serious juvenile offenders; State juvenile justice systems; State-by-state analyses; Summaries; Violent juvenile offenders; Youthful offenders
Note: REPORTS OF THE NATIONAL JUVENILE JUSTICE ASSESSMENT CENTERS
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65398

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