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NCJ Number: 65399 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: NATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF SERIOUS JUVENILE CRIME AND THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM: THE NEED FOR A RATIONAL RESPONSE, V 2--DEFINITION, CHARACTERISTICS OF INCIDENTS AND INDIVIDUALS, AND RELATIONSHIP TO SUBSTANCE ABUSE
Author(s): C P SMITH; P S ALEXANDER; T V HALATYN; C F ROBERTS
Corporate Author: American Justice Institute
National Juvenile Justice System Assessment Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 471
Sponsoring Agency: American Justice Institute
Sacramento, CA 95814
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Dept of Justice
Grant Number: 77-NI-99-0009; 77-JN-99-0008
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ASSESSMENT REPORT ON SERIOUS JUVENILE CRIME AND THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM PRESENTS RELEVANT DEFINITIONS AND REVIEWS EXISTING INFORMATION, PARTICULARLY IN THE AREA OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND SERIOUS CRIME AMONG JUVENILES.
Abstract: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND AVAILABLE STATISTICS AS WELL AS STRUCTURED AND INFORMAL INTERVIEWS WITH KNOWLEDGEABLE JUVENILE JUSTICE PERSONNEL SHOWED THREE CRITERIA TO BE IMPORTANT IN THE DEFINITION OF THE SERIOUSNESS OF CRIME: VIOLENCE OR INJURY TO PERSONS, PROPERTY LOSS OR DAMAGE, AND CHRONICITY OR REPETITION OF OFFENSES. FROM CONCLUSIONS RELEVANT TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SET OF DEFINITIONS APPLICABLE TO JUVENILE CRIME, STUDY PARTICIPANTS RECOMMENDED THAT SERIOUS JUVENILE OFFENSES, BASED ON THE SELLIN-WOLFGANG SERIOUSNESS SCALE, INCLUDE HOMICIDE OR VOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER, AGGRAVATED ASSAULT, ARMED ROBBERY, EXTORTION, ARSON OF AN OCCUPIED BUILDING, AND OTHER OFFENSES. TO SYNTHESIZE EXISTING INFORMATION IMPORTANT TO ESTABLISHING RESEARCH PRIORITIES AND POLICY ORIENTATION, A FURTHER STUDY UTILIZED AN INFORMAL SURVEY, A COMPILATION OF DATA BEARING UPON JUVENILE CRIME OR OFFENDERS, A NATIONWIDE SURVEY OF STATE AGENCIES, AND A LITERATURE SEARCH. BECAUSE INFORMATION WAS INADEQUATE, RECOMMENDATIONS POINTED TO THE NEED TO EXPAND THE STATE SURVEY, EXPLORE JUVENILE COURT DATA, AND USE OTHER TECHNIQUES TO GATHER MORE USEFUL INFORMATION. A FURTHER STUDY HAD THE GOAL OF ASSESSING THE STATE OF KNOWLEDGE CONCERNING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND SERIOUS JUVENILE CRIME; NUMEROUS ABSTRACTS OF THE LITERATURE AND INDEXES COVERING CRIMINAL JUSTICE, PSYCHOLOGICAL, AND SOCIOLOGICAL STUDIES WERE SEARCHED FOR THE YEARS 1968 THROUGH 1978. FINDINGS INDICATED THAT MUCH OF THE SERIOUS CRIME COMMITTED BY JUVENILES IS INDIRECTLY ASSOCIATED WITH SUBSTANCE ABUSE; CONSEQUENTLY, EFFORTS TO PREVENT SERIOUS JUVENILE CRIME MUST ALSO PREVENT AND CONTROL JUVENILE SUBSTANCE ABUSE. GRAPHS, CHARTS, TABULAR DATA, AND FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. APPENDED INFORMATION PROVIDES REFERENCES, TABULAR DATA, A GLOSSARY, A LIST OF PARTICIPANTS IN THE NATIONAL JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM ASSESSMENT CENTER, AND SUPPLEMENTARY DISCUSSIONS.
Index Term(s): Definitions; Drug abuse; Drug Related Crime; Habitual offenders; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile designated felonies; Juvenile offender classification; Offense classification; Serious juvenile offenders; State-by-state analyses; Violent juvenile offenders; Youthful offenders
Note: REPORTS OF THE NATIONAL JUVENILE JUSTICE ASSESSMENT CENTERS
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65399

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