skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 65538 Find in a Library
Title: DECISION-MAKING IN INSTITUTIONAL SETTINGS
Journal: RESIDENTIAL AND COMMUNITY CHILD CARE ADMINISTRATION  Volume:1  Issue:2  Dated:(SUMMER 1979)  Pages:121-140
Author(s): D SHICHOR
Corporate Author: Haworth Press, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Haworth Press, Inc
Binghamton, NY 13904
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE ON THE DECISIONMAKING PROCESS IN INSTITUTIONAL SETTINGS FOCUSES ON ORGANIZATION MEMBERS' PARTICIPATION AND ITS EFFECT ON THE ACHIEVEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONAL GOALS.
Abstract: THE FOCUS OF THE DISCUSSION IS THE JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION. IN THE ORGANIZATIONAL SETTING, THE DECISIONMAKING PROCESS IS THE SELECTION OF ALTERNATIVES TOWARD ACHIEVING THE ORGANIZATIONAL GOALS. ORGANIZATIONS ARE INFLUENCED BY 3 BASIC FACTORS: THE CULTURAL SYSTEM WHICH SETS LEGITIMATE GOALS; THE TECHNOLOGY WHICH DETERMINES THE MEANS AVAILABLE FOR REACHING THESE GOALS; AND THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE IN WHICH SPECIFIC TECHNIQUES PERMIT GOAL ACHIEVEMENT. CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS BELONG TO AN ORGANIZATION CATEGORY OFTEN TERMED PEOPLE-WORK OR PEOPLE-PROCESSING. THEIR MAJOR FUNCTION IS TO WORK ON PEOPLE, AND THEY ARE USUALLY RESOCIALIZATION SYSTEMS CORRECTING CERTAIN SOCIAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL DEFICIENCIES IN THEIR CLIENTS. THE LITERATURE REVEALS THAT INMATE PARTICIPATION IN THE DECISIONMAKING PROCESS WITHIN THE INSTITUTIONAL ORGANIZATION HAS A POSITIVE EFFECT ON INMATE ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR. INMATES EXPRESS MORE FAVORABLE DISPOSITION TOWARD THE STAFF AND BETTER POSSIBILITIES FOR COOPERATION. PARTICIPATORY DECISIONMAKING ALSO NEUTRALIZES AUTHORITARIAN CONTROL AND FACILITATES INDIVIDUAL MOTIVATION. IT INCREASES INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY LEADING TO HIGHER GROUP LOYALTY AND GROUP PERFORMANCE STANDARDS. OFFENDERS HAVE A HIGHER DEGREE OF IDENTIFICATION WITH ORGANIZATIONAL GOALS AND THE ADMINISTRATION CAN TAKE MORE INITIATIVE TOWARD ACHIEVING THEIR RECLAMATION, RESOCIALIZATION, AND REHABILITATION GOALS. THESE EFFECTS ARE LESS CONCLUSIVE AND LESS POSITIVE IN THE POST-RELEASE PERIOD. THE ARTICLE RECOMMENDS THAT ACTION RESEARCH PROGRAMS BE CONDUCTED IN THIS FIELD TO EVALUATE VARIOUS METHODS OF PARTICIPATION IN THE DECISIONMAKING PROCESS. EFFORTS SHOULD ALSO BE MADE TO DEVELOP MORE SOPHISTICATED CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF DIFFERENTIAL TREATMENT. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS APPENDED. (MJW)
Index Term(s): Correctional institutions (juvenile); Correctional organization; Correctional planning; Correctional reform; Decisionmaking; Inmate attitudes; Inmate staff relations
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65538

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.