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NCJ Number: 65557 Find in a Library
Title: FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY - WHAT TO EXPECT FROM A FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY REPORT
Journal: IDENTIFICATION NEWS  Volume:30  Issue:2  Dated:(FEBRUARY 1980)  Pages:5-8
Author(s): J M FINNEGAN
Corporate Author: International Assoc for Identification
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: International Assoc for Identification
Mendota Heights, MN 55120-1120
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: BASIC GUIDELINES WHICH A FORENSIC ANTHROPOLIGIST'S REPORT SHOULD FOLLOW ARE SUGGESTED, AND INFORMATION WHICH AN INVESTIGATOR MIGHT EXPECT FROM SUCH A REPORT IS DISCUSSED.
Abstract: ONCE SKELETAL MATERIAL HAS BEEN FOUND AND REPORTED TO LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITIES, A PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGIST IS USUALLY CONTACTED. IN PREPARING THE REPORT OF FINDINGS, CERTAIN INFORMATION SHOULD BE PROVIDED. TYPICALLY, THE REPORT INCLUDES AN INTRODUCTION IN WHICH THE DATE, SITE, FIND, AND PEOPLE INVOLVED ARE MENTIONED. BONE MATERIAL AND OTHER EXTRANEOUS MATERIAL PRESENT ARE IDENTIFIED. THE CONDITION OF THE MATERIAL IS THEN DISCUSSED WITH REFERENCE TO WHICH JOINTS ARE ARTICULATED AND HOW MUCH TISSUE REMAINS. THIS INFORMATION IS USED TO ASCERTAIN THE LENGTH OF TIME SINCE DEATH. SIGNS OF DISEASE AND OTHER PATHOLOGICAL CHANGES IN THE BONES ARE ALSO NOTED. GROSS ANOMALIES SUCH AS GENETIC ABNORMALITIES ARE SPECIFIED TO HELP IN IDENTIFYING THE INDIVIDUAL. INDICATIONS OF TRAUMA ARE SHOWN, AND POSSIBLE IMPLEMENTS WHICH COULD HAVE CAUSED THE DESTRUCTION ARE NOTED. THE AGE AT THE TIME OF DEATH IS ALWAYS GIVEN AS SKELETAL AGE IN TERMS OF A RANGE OF YEARS (I.E., 25 YEARS OLD PLUS OR MINUS 3 TO 5 YEARS). SEX SHOULD ALSO BE WELL DOCUMENTED. RACE CAN BE DETERMINED PRIMARILY FROM THE SKULL, WITH SECONDARY INDICATORS BEING THE FEMORA AND PELVIC STRUCTURES. STATURE IS TYPICALLY ESTIMATED FROM ONE OR MORE OF THE LONG BONES. TIME OF DEATH AND POSSIBLE CAUSES OF DEATH SHOULD BE CLEARLY INDICATED IN SEPARATE SECTIONS. IF THE INDIVIDUAL CAN BE IDENTIFIED AT THAT TIME, A TRAIT LIST OR ALL OF THE MATCHES BETWEEN THE SKELETON AND THE MISSING PERSON SHOULD BE GIVEN POINT-BY-POINT FOR POSSIBLE USE IN LATER COURTROOM TESTIMONY. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (LWM)
Index Term(s): Bone analysis; Criminalistics; Forensic archaeology; Forensic medicine; Victim identification
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65557

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