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NCJ Number: 65649 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: INDIAN RESERVATIONS - ANOMIE, AND SOCIAL PATHOLOGIES
Journal: SOUTHWESTERN JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGY  Volume:27  Issue:2  Dated:(SUMMER 1971)  Pages:97-128
Author(s): J E LEVY; S J KUNITZ
Corporate Author: University of New Mexico
Dept of Anthropology
United States of America
Date Published: 1971
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: University of New Mexico
Albuquerque, NM 87131
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: MH-14053-1; 5-K3-MH-31,184
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: SEVERAL COMMON NOTIONS ARE EXAMINED CONCERNING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL PATHOLOGY (HOMICIDE, SUICIDE, AND ALCOHOLISM) AND SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION AND ANOMIE AMONG THE NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIANS.
Abstract: THE NAVAJO ARE THE LARGEST SINGLE TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES. THEIR SUICIDE AND HOMICIDE PATTERNS DIFFER FROM THOSE ON THE NATIONAL LEVEL AS WELL AS THOSE AMONG URBAN WHITES AND BLACKS. NAVAJO SUICIDES AND HOMICIDE OFFENDERS BOTH TEND TO BE MALES BETWEEN 35 AND 39 YEARS OF AGE WHO ARE MARRIED WITH CHILDREN. THE MOTIVE FOR SUICIDE AND HOMICIDE GENERALLY IS DOMESTIC STRIFE OR SEXUAL JEALOUSY, AND THE MURDER VICTIM TENDS TO BE THE WIFE. MOREOVER A HIGH PROPORTION OF NAVAJO HOMICIDE OFFENDERS COMMIT SUICIDE IMMEDIATELY AFTER COMMITTING HOMICIDE. DEVIANCE AMONG YOUNGER MARRIED MALES IS CONSISTENT WITH MORE TRADITIONAL PATTERNS OF MALE EMOTIONAL ABILITY AND THE INSTABILITY OF NAVAJO MARRIAGE. THE HIGHEST INVOLVEMENT WITH DRINKING AND THE GREATEST USE OF ALCOHOL WAS FOUND AMONG THE MOST TRADITIONAL AND LEAST ACCULTURATED NAVAJOS, WHILE THE LOWEST USE AND INVOLVEMENT WAS FOUND IN THE MOST ACCULTURATED OFF-RESERVATION GROUP. ALSO STUDIED WAS THE HOPI INDIANS' PREDILECTION FOR MILDNESS AND SOBRIETY IN VIEW OF THEIR CLOSE PROXIMITY AND SIMILAR ECONOMIC CONDITION TO THE NAVAJOS. OVERALL, THE STUDIES SUGGEST THAT BOTH THE PREVALENCE AND PATTERNING OF THESE BEHAVIORS ARE LARGELY EXPLAINABLE IN TERMS OF PERSISTING ELEMENTS OF ABORIGINAL CULTURE RATHER THAN AS RESPONSES TO ACCULTURATION AND SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION. PREVIOUS APPROACHES TO THE SUBJECT HAVE BEEN MORE INFLUEN BY WESTERN TRADITIONS OF SOCIAL THOUGHT THAN BY ANY CONSIDERATION OF THE DATA AND THEORY APPROPRIATE TO THEIR ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION. HOWEVER THE RESULTS DO NOT IMPLY THAT WHITE CONQUEST HAS HAD NO DELETERIOUS EFFECTS INDIAN LIFE, OR THAT GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS FOR INDIANS SHOULD BE DISCONTINUED. RATHER, SUCH PROGRAMS MUST BE BASED ON MORAL AND POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS AS WELL AS ON THE FINDINGS OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES. A TABLE SHOWING THE AVERAGE ANNUAL HOMICIDE RATES FOR SELECTED TRIBES (1883-1889) AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE PROVIDED. (WJR)
Index Term(s): Alcoholism; American Indians; Behavior patterns; Cultural influences; Deviance; Economic influences; Homicide; Social organization; Suicide; Tribal history
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