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NCJ Number: 65682 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: DETERRENCE AND GROUP DELINQUENCY
Author(s): M C STAFFORD
Corporate Author: US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
National Institute of Mental Health
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 216
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: MH22350; MH13327
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS STUDY FOUND THE DETERRENCE EFFICACY OF LEGAL PUNISHMENT TO BE UNAFFECTED BY INDIVIDUALS' PEER GROUP INVOLVEMENT.
Abstract: TWO QUESTIONS WERE SYSTEMATICALLY EXAMINED: (1) DO GROUP VIOLATIONS OF THE LAW AND DO PEER GROUP PRESSURES REDUCE THE DETERRENT EFFICANCY OF LEGAL PUNISHMENT? (2) WHAT BEARING DO PEER GROUP VARIABLES HAVE ON THE RELATION BETWEEN SOCIAL (EXTRALEGAL) CONDEMNATION AND RATES OF CRIME AND DELINQUENCY? IN ADDITION, THE SOURCES OF VARIATION IN INDIVIDUALS' PERCEPTIONS OF PUNISHMENT CERTAINTY WERE EXPLORED THROUGH THE RELATION BETWEEN PEER GROUP VARIABLES AND PERCEIVED CERTAINTY. THE BEARING OF SOCIAL CONDEMNATION ON THE RELATION BETWEEN PERCEIVED CERTAINTY AND RATES OF CRIME AND DELINQUENCY WAS ANALYZED. CONTRARY TO EXPECTATIONS, SURVEY DATA FROM 3,145 ARIZONA HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS (FROM A QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED FURING THE 1974-75 SCHOOL YEAR) INDICATED NO EVIDENCE THAT THE RELATION BETWEEN THE PERCEIVED CERTAINTY OF PUNISHMENT AND LAW-BREAKING BEHAVIOR WAS CONTINGENT ON INDIVIDUALS' PEER GROUP INVOLVEMENTS. NOR WAS IT FOUND TO BE CONTINGENT OF WEAK TIES TO CONVENTIONAL PERSONS OR BELIEFS, STATUS CHARACTERISTICS, OR PERCEPTIONS OF THE PERSONAL COSTS OF PUNISHMENT. MOREOVER, THERE IS NO EVIDENCE THAT THE DETERRENT EFFICACY OF LEGAL PUNISHMENT IS CONTINGENT ON THE DIFFERENTIAL SOCIAL CONDEMNATION OF OFFENSES. SOCIAL CONDEMNATION WAS MORE RELEVANT IN IDENTIFYING INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE COMMITTED A PARTICULAR TYPE OF OFFENSE THAN IN DISTINGUISHING AMONG INDIVIDUALS AS REGARDS THEIR FREQUENCY OF COMMISSIONS. PEER GROUP VARIABLES WERE, HOWEVER, FOUND TO AFFECT THE INDIVIDUALS' ESTIMATES OF PERCEIVED PERSONAL RISK. FINALLY, ONE VERY EFFECTIVE PREDICTOR OF THE FREQUENCY OF CRIMES AND DELINQUENCIES WAS BELIEF IN THE LEGITIMACY OF LAW. MORE RESEARCH IS NEEDED WITH REGARD TO A SYSTEMATIC THEORY OF THE SOURCES OF PERCEIVED PUNISHMENT CERTAINTY, AND HOW SUCH CERTAINTY MAY AFFECT PERCEPTIONS OF THE LEGITIMACY OF LAW. APPENDIXES PROVIDE THE SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE, OTHER STUDY DATA, AND REFERENCES. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--MHP)
Index Term(s): Deterrence; Deviance; Group behavior; Juveniles; Social organization; Youth (Under 15); Youth groups
Note: SPECIAL CHARGES FOR ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS. UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65682

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