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NCJ Number: 65728 Find in a Library
Title: SOCIAL CORRELATES OF RURAL AND URBAN DELINQUENCY
Author(s): K W NATALINO
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 185
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TESTING THE THEORIES OF CONTROL, BLOCKED OPPORTUNITY, AND PEER SUBCULTURE, THIS STUDY COMPARES THE INVOLVEMENT OF RURAL AND URBAN JUVENILES IN A WIDE RANGE OF SERIOUS AND NONSERIOUS TYPES OF DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR.
Abstract: DATA WERE DERIVED FROM SELF-REPORT QUESTIONNAIRES OBTAINED FROM 660 URBAN AND 514 RURAL HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN AN AREA IDENTIFIED ONLY AS A PROSPEROUS NORTH-CENTRAL STATE. MULTIVARIATE STATISTICS WERE USED TO ANALYZE THE DATA. THE DATA WERE TABULATED ACCORDING TO A NUMBER OF DESCRIPTIVE VARIABLES FOR EACH HYPOTHESIZED THEORY (E.G., FAMILY SITUATION FOR THE CONTROL FACTOR, SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS FOR THE BLOCKED OPPORTUNITY, AND INVOLVEMENT WITH DELINQUENT PEERS AND PERCEPTION OF PEER APPROVAL FOR THE PEER SUBCULTURE THEORY). THE INVESTIGATION BEGAN WITH THE TRADITIONAL BELIEF THAT RURAL DELINQUENCY IS LESS FREQUENT AND LESS SERIOUS THAN URBAN CRIME, ESPECIALLY FOR JUVENILES, WHO ARE ASSUMED TO ENGAGE PRIMARILY IN ACTS OF OCCASIONAL VANDALISM. THE STUDY FOUND THAT MOST RURAL AND URBAN ADOLESCENTS ARE NOT INVOLVED IN DELINQUENCY, EXCEPT FOR PETTY LARCENY, DISTRUBING THE PEACE, AND STATUS OFFENSES. THE INCIDENCE OF DELINQUENCY WAS MUCH HIGHER FOR MALES THAN FEMALES, BOTH AMONG RURAL AND URBAN JUVENILES. NO SIGNIFICANT URBAN-RURAL DIFFERENCES WERE FOUND IN PETTY LARCENY, DISTURBING THE PEACE, CAR THEFT, OR ROBBERY-BUGLARY OFFENSES. URBAN YOUTHS WERE SIGNIFICANTLY MORE INVOLVED IN SEXUAL OFFENSES, ASSAULT, AND DRUG-RELATED OFFENSES. URBAN MALES WERE FOUND TO BE THE MOST DELINQUENT AND RURAL FEMALES THE LEAST DELINQUENT. CONTROL, BLOCKED OPPORTUNITY, AND PEER SUBCULTURE FACTORS WERE ALL FOUND TO PLAY A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN EXPLAINING THE DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR OF RURAL AND URBAN JUVENILES. AMONG SEVEN INDEPENDENT VARIABLES, DRAWN FROM THE THREE THEORIES, CONFORMITY TO PARENTAL EXPECTATIONS, PEER APPROVAL FOR DELINQUENCY, AND INVOLVEMENT WITH DELINQUENT PEERS EXPLAINED THE MAJORITY OF DELINQUENCY DIFFERENTIATION. STATISTICAL TABLES ARE INCLUDED IN THE TEXT. QUESTIONS USED TO MEASURE THE VARIABLES IN THE STUDY AND AN EXTENSIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE APPENDED. (LGR)
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Economic influences; Geographic distribution of crime; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Juvenile status offenses; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Rural urban comparisons; Social conditions; Subculture theory
Note: SPECIAL PRICES FOR ACADEMIC INSTUTIONS BOWLING GREEN STATE UNIVERSITY - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65728

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