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NCJ Number: 65741 Find in a Library
Title: POLICE PROFESSIONALISM - THE NEED FOR CLARITY (FROM EVALUATING ALTERNATIVE LAW-ENFORCEMENT POLICIES, 1979, BY RALPH BAKER AND FRED A MEYER, JR - SEE NCJ-65735)
Author(s): R BAKER; F A MEYER; D RUDONI
Corporate Author: Lexington Books
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: POLICE PROFESSIONALISM IS POORLY UNDERSTOOD AND DIFFICULT TO ESTABLISH IN AN OCCUPATION NOT TRADITIONALLY PROFESSIONAL, BUT ADVOCATES CLAIM IT WILL IMPROVE PERFORMANCE.
Abstract: ESTABLISHING POLICE PROFESSIONALISM INVOLVES BETTER POLICE EDUCATION AND TRAINING, IMPROVED PAY AND BENEFITS, AND ENHANCED POLICE STATUS. HOWEVER, IT IS NOT CLEAR THAT IMPROVED POLICE SERVICE RESULTS. UNLIKE MEDICINE AND LAW, POLICING AS AN OCCUPATION DID NOT DEVELOP ALONG WITH ITS PRESENT EDUCATION AND TRAINING REQUIREMENTS. POLICE ARE NOT TRADITIONALLY RECOGNIZED PROFESSIONALS, BUT PUBLIC EMPLOYEES, VULNERABLE TO POLITICAL MANIPULATION OR CRITICISM OF HOW THEY USE THEIR DISCRETIONARY POWERS. ENHANCING POLICE PROFESSIONALISM WAS THEREFORE INTENDED TO COUNTERACT POLICE PROBLEMS OR ABUSES OF AUTHORITY. POLICE THEMSELVES MAY FOSTER THEIR PROFESSIONALISM BY CONCEALING OFFICER MISCONDUCT OR BY USING AND ABUSING CRIME STATISTICS OR TECHNOLOGY TO ENHANCE THEIR PUBLIC APPEARANCE. PRESENT BARRIERS, HOWEVER, TO FOSTERING POLICE PROFESSIONALISM INCLUDE THE POLICE'S MILITARY STRUCTURE WHICH LIMITS INITATIVE AND CAREER DEVELOPMENT, AND LACK OF PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATION. MOREOVER, ALTHOUGH POLICE ACKNOWLEDGE THE IMPACT OF THE DEPARTMENT ON PERFORMANCE, POLICE BELIEVE THAT PROFESSIONALISM IS A QUALITY OF THE INDIVIDUAL OFFICER, AND THAT AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAMS HAVE HURT POLICE PROFESSIONALISM. FINALLY, MORE EDUCATION DOES NOT NECESSARILY IMPROVE POLICE PERFORMANCE. NOTES AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (PAP)
Index Term(s): Career development; Police education; Police effectiveness; Police professionalism; Police reform; Professional recognition; Staff development training
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