skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 65758 Find in a Library
Title: ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATIONAL CRIME (FROM WHITE-COLLAR CRIME - THEORY AND RESEARCH, 1980, BY GILBERT GEIS AND EZRA STOTLAND - SEE NCJ-65757)
Author(s): E GROSS
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE UTILITY OF VIEWING ORGANIZATIONS AS CORPORATE PERSONS, HOW SUCH PERSONS MAY BE SAID TO ENGAGE IN CRIME, AND THE CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH SUCH CRIME OCCURS ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: HISTORICALLY, CORPORATE PERSONS EMERGED AS A MEANS OF DEVELOPING LARGE AND RISKY FINANCIAL UNDERTAKINGS WHICH COULD MINIMIZE ANY LOSS TO BIOLOGICAL INDIVIDUALS INVOLVED SHOULD THE VENTURE FAIL. OWNERS OF CORPORATIONS ARE GENERALLY SEPARATED FROM THE CONTROLLERS OF CORPORATIONS, WHO ARE ENTRUSTED BY INVESTORS WITH THE RESPONSIBILITY OF BRINGING AS MUCH RETURN AS POSSIBLE ON INVESTMENT. PROFIT THUS BECOMES THE PRIMARY GOAL OF THE CORPORATION, WITH STANDARDS FOR BEHAVIOR OF INDIVIDUALS AND GROUPS CONTROLLING THE ORGANIZATION POINTED TOWARD THAT GOAL. MORAL CONDITIONING AND ETHICAL COMMITMENTS HAVE NO ESSENTIAL RELATIONSHIP TO THE PRIMARY GOAL OF MAKING MONEY. IN SUCH A CLIMATE, THE BREAKING OF A LAW TO INCREASE PROFIT MAY BE VIEWED AS JUST ONE MORE OF THE RISKS INVOLVED IN THE PURSUIT OF THE CORPORATE GOAL. SHOULD THE RISK FAIL, ONLY THE CORPORATE PERSON CAN BE FOUND IN VIOLATION OF THE LAW AND FINED, WHILE THE BIOLOGICAL PERSONS WHO OWN AND CONTROL THE CORPORATION ARE IMMUNE FROM PROSECUTION. FURTHER, UNDER THE CONTEMPORARY ENVIRONMENT FOR CORPORATE ACTIVITIES, CRIMINAL VIOLATIONS MAY GO UNDETECTED BEHIND COMPLEX ORGANIZATIONAL STRATA THAT APPEAR TO BE LAW-ABIDING. ORGANIZATIONS THEMSELVES AND THE WORLD THEY HAVE CREATED MUST BE ANALYZED IN RELATION TO CORPORATE LAW VIOLATIONS BEFORE EFFECTIVE STEPS CAN BE TAKEN TO DETER CORPORATE CRIME. NOTES AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Corporate criminal liability; Crime Causes; Crime patterns; Individual behavior; Theory; White collar crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65758

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.