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NCJ Number: 65818 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: STUDY OF SELECTED LOCAL PROCUREMENT SYSTEMS - PART 1
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: US Government Accountability Office
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: US Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20548
Sale Source: US Government Accountability Office
441 G Street, NW
Washington, DC 20548
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A REVIEW OF THE PURCHASING SYSTEMS OF ONE COUNTY AND FOUR CITY GOVERNMENTS DISCLOSED SEVERAL WEAKNESSES WHICH COULD RESULT IN SIGNIFICANT SAVINGS IF CORRECTED.
Abstract: THE PROCUREMENT POLICIES, PROCEDURES, AND PRACTICES OF THESE GOVERNMENTS WERE COMPARED IN ORDER TO ESTABLISHED PURCHASING PRINCIPLES. OFFICIALS AND PURCHASING PERSONNEL WERE INTERVIEWED, AND RELEVANT RECORDS FOR 1976 EXAMINED. SINCE THE EMPHASIS WAS ON EFFICIENCY, NO DISTINCTION WAS MADE BETWEEN FEDERAL AND LOCAL FUNDS. THREE OF THE GOVERNMENTS DID NOT USE CENTRALIZED PURCHASING WHICH CAN RESULT NOT ONLY IN LOWER PRICES, BUT ALSO IN IMPROVEMENTS IN SCHEDULING, PLANNING, STANDARDIZED SPECIFICATIONS, COMPETITIVE NEGOTIATION, INSPECTION, PROPERTY MANAGEMENT, AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT. COOPERATIVE ARRANGEMENTS ALSO ALLOW PURCHASING OFFICIALS TO EXCHANGE USEFUL INFORMATION AND DISCUSS COMMON PROBLEMS. ONLY ONE GOVERNMENT HAD MADE PROGRESS TOWARD OBTAINING BENEFITS FROM COOPERATIVE PURCHASING, WHEREAS TWO OR MORE GOVERNMENTS ARRANGED TO BUY UNDER THE SAME CONTRACT. NONE OF THE GOVERNMENTS HAD ESTABLISHED ACCOUNTABILITY FOR PROCUREMENT FUNCTIONS. ACCOUNTABILITY REQUIRES THAT GOALS BE SET, PERFORMANCE PERIODICALLY REPORTED, AND AUDITS OR SOME REVIEW BE CONDUCTED. CRITICAL ELEMENTS IN MEASURING PURCHASING PERFORMANCE ARE EFFICIENCY, ECONOMY, AND EFFECTIVENESS. A HYPOTHETICAL CASE ILLUSTRATES AN EVALUATION OF PROCUREMENT PRACTICES. A CHART LISTING 24 QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE INDICATORS FOR USE IN MEASURING PROCUREMENT PERFORMANCE IS PROVIDED. THE STUDY RECOMMENDS THAT LOCAL GOVERNMENTS USE THIS LIST AND OTHER MATERIALS IN THE REPORT TO REALIZE THE SAVINGS AND OTHER BENEFITS THAT WOULD RESULT FROM FOLLOWING RECOGNIZED PROCUREMENT PRINCIPLES. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--MJW)
Index Term(s): Accountability; Financial management; Government contracting; Local government; US Government Accountability Office (GAO)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65818

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