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NCJ Number: 65874 Find in a Library
Title: GROUP HAZARD HYPOTHESIS - A REEXAMINATION
Journal: JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN CRIME AND DELINQUENCY  Volume:17  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY 1980)  Pages:58-68
Author(s): W FEYERHERM
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Newark, NJ 07102
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS STUDY EXAMINES THE GROUP HAZARD HYPOTHESIS WHICH HOLDS THAT JUVENILES WHO COMMIT DELINQUENT ACTS WITH OTHERS ARE MORE LIKELY TO BE DETECTED OR ARRESTED THAN JUVENILE ACTING ALONE.
Abstract: THREE TYPES OF EVIDENCE SUPPORT THE HYPOTHESIS: COMPARISONS OF THE EXTENT OF GROUP DELINQUENCY AS ESTIMATED BY SELF-REPORT AND OFFICIAL DATA; REPORTS FROM LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS OF THEIR OWN BEHAVIOR; AND TESTS OF THE IMPACT OF GROUP VERSUS INDIVIDUAL OFFENSES UPON THE RATE OF JUVENILE ARRESTS. A REVIEW OF THE SUPPORT FOR THE HYPOTHESIS SUGGESTS, FOR EACH TYPE OF EVIDENCE, ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATIONS FOR THE FINDINGS. THIS STUDY REPORTS THE RESULTS OF A SURVEY OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND 562 QUESTIONNAIRES COMPLETED BY MALE RESPONDENTS FORM THE BASIS FOR THE ANALYSIS. NINETEEN SELF-REPORTED DELINQUENCY ITEMS WERE SUBJECTED TO A CLUSTER ANALYSIS PROGRAM FOR THE QUESTIONNAIRE, AND A PATH ANALYSIS WAS MADE BASED UPON TOTAL INDICES. RESULTS OF THE PATH ANALYSIS SUGGESTED THAT THE GROUP HAZARD HYPOTHESIS MAY BE MORE APPLICABLE TO THE PROBABILITY OF APPREHENSION THAN TO THE PROBABILITY OF ARREST. ONLY IN THE THEFT BEHAVIORS DOES THE GROUP HAZARD HYPOTHESIS FIND CONSISTENT SUPPORT IN THE STUDY. THE RESULTS SUGGEST THAT THE APPLICABILITY OF THE GROUP HYPOTHESIS APPEARS TO BE MORE STRONGLY SUPPORTED IF IT IS RECONCEPTUALIZED AS BOTH AN APPREHENSION AND AN ARREST HAZARD. TABULAR DATA, NOTES, AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (MJW)
Index Term(s): Behavior typologies; Group behavior; Group dynamics; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65874

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