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NCJ Number: 65876 Find in a Library
Title: GEOGRAPHIC CORRELATES OF POLICE SHOOTING - A MICROANALYSIS
Journal: JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN CRIME AND DELINQUENCY  Volume:17  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY 1980)  Pages:101-113
Author(s): J J FYFE
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Newark, NJ 07102
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF SHOOTINGS BY NEW YORK CITY POLICE OFFICERS DURING 1971-75 ARE EXAMINED AND THEIR RELATION TO COMMUNITY CHARACTERISTICS ANALYZED.
Abstract: THE STUDY POSTULATED THAT THE HIGHER THE CRIME ARREST RATE AND THE REPORTED POLICE HOMICIDE RATE OF A NEIGHBORHOOD, THE HIGHER THE POLICE SHOOTING RATE. IT WAS ALSO HYPOTHESIZED THAT BOTH THESE RELATIONSHIPS WILL BE HIGHEST FOR SHOOTINGS INVOLVING ON-DUTY POLICE OFFICERS AND LOWEST FOR SHOOTINGS INVOLVING OFF-DUTY POLICE. THE DATA EMPLOYED WERE THE NEW YORK CITY POLICE DEPARTMENT RECORDS OF ALL REPORTED SHOOTINGS. A 5-YEAR TOTAL OF 2,746 SHOOTING INCIDENTS WERE ANALYZED. ARREST AND HOMICIDE RATES AND SHOOTING RATES WERE THE VARIABLES USED. RESULTS SHOWED BOTH HYPOTHESES AS CORRECT. THE DATA ALSO REVEALED THAT THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ARREST RATES AND TOTAL SHOOTING RATES WAS SIGNIFICANT AS WAS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HOMICIDE RATES AND POLICE SHOOTINGS. THUS THERE WERE HIGH CORRELATIONS BETWEEN EXTREME POLICE-CITIZEN VIOLENCE AND INDICES OF THREATS TO POLICE AND OF GENERAL PUBLIC SAFETY. POLICE VIOLENCE VARIES AS THE POLICEMAN REACTS TO THE COMMUNITY AS HE PERCEIVES IT, AND IT IS LIKELY THAT THE GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS OF POLICE SHOOTINGS ALSO PARALLEL VARIATIONS IN THE INDICES. IT IS UNLIKELY THAT SOCIAL FORCES CONTRIBUTING DIRECTLY TO PUBLIC SAFETY FROM CRIME EFFECT POLICE SHOOTINGS INDEPENDENTLY OF THE PUBLIC SAFETY CONSTRUCT. COMPARISONS OF RATIOS OF VIOLENT FELONY ARRESTS TO SHOOTINGS AMONG POLICE AGENCIES MIGHT PROVIDE USEFUL INFORMATION ABOUT THE EFFECTS OF VARYING FIREARMS POLICIES AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES. TABLES, NOTES, AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (MJW)
Index Term(s): Firearms; New York; Police community relations; Police use of deadly force; Police weapons use; Police-offender relations; Research
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65876

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