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NCJ Number: 65911 Find in a Library
Title: TOWARDS A BETTER PENAL SYSTEM
Journal: HOWARD JOURNAL OF PENOLOGY AND CRIME PREVENTION  Volume:19  Issue:1  Dated:(1980)  Pages:27-41
Author(s): E A FATTAH
Corporate Author: Scottish Academic Press Ltd
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Scottish Academic Press Ltd
Edinburgh, EH7 5JK, Scotland
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: CRITICAL ARGUMENTS AGAINST REHABILITATION AS A CORRECTIONS POLICY ARE SUMMARIZED; A SIX-POINT FORMULA IS PRESENTED AS AN IMPROVEMENT OVER CURRENT PENAL PRACTICES.
Abstract: CRITICISM OF REHABILITATION AND THE CALL FOR A MODEL TO REPLACE THE TREATMENT MODEL ARE BASED ON THE ARGUMENTS THAT REHABILITATION DOES NOT WORK, THAT RETRIBUTION IS A NECESSARY ELEMENT OF JUSTICE, PUNISHMENT IS AN EFFECTIVE DETERRENT, AND THAT INCAPACITATION OF OFFENDERS CAN GREATLY REDUCE CRIME. IT IS CLAIMED THAT REHABILITATION AS A CORRECTIONAL POLICY HAS NEVER BEEN GIVEN A FAIR CHANCE TO WORK BECAUSE ITS IMPLEMENTATION HAS ALWAYS BEEN HAMPERED BY A SHORTAGE OF MUCH NEEDED PHYSICAL FACILITIES AND OF MATERIAL AND HUMAN RESOURCES. A SIX-POINT FORMULA IS PRESENTED TO ACHIEVE BETTER PENAL SYSTEMS: (1) REDUCING THE CLIENTELE OF THE SYSTEM THROUGH DECRIMINALIZATION AND DEPENALIZATION, DIVERSION, LIMITED USE OF INCARCERATION, AND EXTENDED USE OF ALTERNATIVES TO IMPRISONMENT; (2) CHANGING THE PRISONS THROUGH ALTERING FACILITY SIZE, DESIGN AND PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT, AND BY CHANGING THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT; (3) INTRODUCING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INTO THE SYSTEM THROUGH INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES SPAWNED BY CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH; (4) INVOLVING THE COMMUNITY IN REINTEGRATING THE OFFENDER; (5) CHANGING PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARD CRIME AND PUNISHMENT THROUGH INFORMATION AND EDUCATION; AND (6) PROVIDING RESTITUTION AND COMPENSATION TO VICTIMS. IN CONCLUSION, A PLEA IS MADE FOR HUMANITARIANISM AS A GUIDING PRINCIPLE OF CORRECTIONS POLICY. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (DEG)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (adult); Correctional facilities; Correctional reform; Custody vs treatment conflict; Decriminalization; Restitution programs
Note: BASED ON AN ADDRESS GIVEN TO THE JOHN HOWARD SOCIETY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65911

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