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NCJ Number: 65927 Find in a Library
Title: LEVELS AND EFFECTS OF RESPONSE ERROR IN SELF-REPORTS OF CRIME AND DELINQUENCY
Author(s): G S BRIDGES
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 324
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TO EXPLORE THE ROLE OF RESPONSE ERRORS IN SELF-REPORTED MEASURES OF CRIME, THIS DISSERTATION CENTERS ON THE LEVELS AND EFFECTS OF RESPONSE ERRORS IN THE CONTEXT OF AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF REPORTED OFFENSES.
Abstract: AS BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY, THEORIES OF MEASUREMENT AND STRUCTURAL MODELS OF SURVEY RESPONSES ARE DISCUSSED, AND MODELS ARE CONTRASTED FOR THEIR TREATMENT OF ERRORS IN ONE-ITEM AND MULTIPLE-ITEM TESTS. THEN A STRUCTURAL MODEL OF REPORTED OFFENSES IS PROPOSED FOR EXAMINING TREATMENTS OF ERROR IN PREVIOUS SELF-REPORT STUDIES OF CRIME. USING THE STRUCTURAL MODEL OF RESPONSES, THE TREATMENT CENTERS ON THE TYPES AND PATTERNS OF ERROR OBSERVED IN THIS RESEARCH. THE GRAVITY OF THE RESPONSE-ERROR PROBLEM, THE VARIATION IN TYPES OF ERROR, AND THE OBSERVED CORRELATES OF ERROR ARE EXAMINED. SUBSEQUENTLY, DISCUSSION SHIFTS TO AN EMPIRICAL STUDY IN WHICH RESPONSE ERRORS ARE OPERATIONALIZED IN TERMS OF OFFENSES RESULTING IN ARRESTS. ESTIMATES OF RESPONSE ERROR ARE OBTAINED FROM COMPARISONS OF SURVEY RESPONDENTS' REPORTED AND OFFICIAL ARREST HISTORIES. BECAUSE RESPONSE ERRORS MAY DISTORT AGGREGATE AS WELL AS INDIVIDUAL ESTIMATES OF CRIME, THE AGGREGATE LEVELS OF RESPONSE BIAS IN SELF-REPORTS OF ARREST ARE EXPLORED; EMPIRICAL FINDINGS ARE PRESENTED. THE DIRECT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ESTIMATES OF RESPONSE ERROR AND REPORTS OF HIDDEN CRIME IS ALSO CONSIDERED, ALONG WITH HOW THIS RELATIONSHIP VARIES IN REPORTING DIFFERENT TYPES OF OFFENSES. FINALLY, STUDY FINDINGS ARE SUMMARIZED, IMPLICATIONS OF SUCH FINDINGS FOR ONGOING AND FUTURE RESEARCH ARE REVIEWED, AND RECOMMENDATIONS ARE MADE ON HOW THE EFFECTS OF SURVEY RESPONSE ERRORS MIGHT BE COUNTERBALANCED TO MORE ACCURATELY ESTIMATE TRUE PATTERNS AND TRENDS IN CRIMINALITY. AN APPENDIX CONTAINS THE FOLLOWUP INTERVIEW SCHEDULE. TABULAR DATA, CHARTS, FOOTNOTES, AN INDEX, AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. (WJR)
Index Term(s): Arrest records; Crime surveys; Data integrity; Models; Research methods; Self reported crimes
Note: SPECIAL PRICES FOR ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=65927

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