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NCJ Number: 66006 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: CITATION ARREST - EXTENDING THE REACH OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM?
Journal: CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:17  Issue:4  Dated:(FEBRUARY 1980)  Pages:419-434
Author(s): J HORNEY
Corporate Author: American Soc of Criminology
Criminology
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: American Soc of Criminology
Columbus, OH 43212
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 72-CD-99-0002; 73-CD-99-0002
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AN INTERRUPTED TIME SERIES DESIGN WAS USED TO STUDY THE EFFECT OF A CITATION POLICY ON ARREST RATES IN OMAHA, NEBRASKA.
Abstract: IN JULY 1975, THE CHIEF OF THE OMAHA POLICE DIVISION ISSUED A GENERAL ORDER MAKING MISDEMEANOR CITATIONS PART OF STANDARD PROCEDURE AS OF AUGUST 1, 1975. EARLIER, THE STATE LEGISLATURE HAD REVISED THE CRIMINAL CODE TO PROVIDE FOR CITATIONS IN LIEU OF CUSTODY ARREST. THE GENERAL ORDER'S POLICY WAS TO ISSUE CITATIONS FOR ALL MISDEMEANORS, WITH EACH OFFICER HAVING TO JUSTIFY ANY USE OF FULL CUSTODY ARREST PROCEDURES. BECAUSE OF PREDICTIONS THAT THE CITATION POLICY WOULD INCREASE THE NUMBER OF PERSONS COMING BEFORE THE COURTS, A STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE EFFECT OF THE NEW POLICY. DATA WERE OBTAINED ON THE NUMBER OF CITATIONS ISSUED IN THE POLICY'S FIRST YEAR. THE INTERRUPTED TIME SERIES ANALYSIS WAS USED FOR ALL OFFENSES WHERE MORE THAN 10 CITATIONS HAD BEEN ISSUED DURING THE STUDY YEAR. THE TIME SERIES CONSISTED OF MONTHLY ADULT ARREST TOTALS (BEFORE THE INTERVENTION, THESE TOTALS WERE FULL-CUSTODY ARRESTS ONLY, WHILE AFTER THE INTERVENTION, THEY REPRESENT THE SUM OF CUSTODY ARRESTS AND CITATION ARRESTS). THE ANALYSIS WAS PERFORMED FOR TOTAL MISDEMEANOR ARRESTS AS WELL AS FOR EACH OFFENSE. EVERY SERIES CONSISTED OF OBSERVATIONS FOR THE 31 MONTHS PRECEDING AND THE 24 MONTHS FOLLOWING POLICY IMPLEMENTATION. FINDINGS SHOWED THAT THE CITATION POLICY APPARENTLY PRODUCED AN INCREASE ONLY IN THE NUMBER OF ARRESTS FOR ASSAULT. THIS WAS POSSIBLY DUE TO OFFICERS' DISPOSITION TO SATISFY THE VICTIMS OF ASSAULT BY THE ISSUANCE OF CITATIONS, WHICH DID NOT INVOLVE THE TIME INVESTMENT OF FULL-CUSTODY ARREST. ASSAULT ARRESTS COMPRISED ONLY 7 PERCENT OF ALL THE MISDEMEANOR ARRESTS CONSIDERED, AND ONLY 8 PERCENT OF THE ASSAULT ARRESTS WERE BY CITATION. THE GENERALITY OF THE RESULTS DEPENDS ON HOW CITATION POLICIES ARE DEVELOPED BY PARTICULAR POLICE DEPARTMENTS. TABULAR AND GRAPHIC DATA AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Citations; Misdemeanor; Nebraska; Studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66006

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