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NCJ Number: 66011 Find in a Library
Title: DOUBLE MARGINALITY OF BLACK POLICEMEN - A REASSESSMENT
Journal: CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:17  Issue:4  Dated:(FEBRUARY 1980)  Pages:477-484
Author(s): V CAMPBELL
Corporate Author: American Soc of Criminology
Criminology
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: American Soc of Criminology
Columbus, OH 43212
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESULTS ARE REPORTED FROM A STUDY OF THE EXTENT TO WHICH BLACK POLICEMEN EXPERIENCE 'DOUBLE MARGINALITY' (ALIENATION FROM BOTH THE BLACK COMMUNITY AND THE WHITE-DOMINATED POLICE OCCUPATIONAL GROUP).
Abstract: DATA WERE COLLECTED IN A COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF BLACK POLICEMEN IN A METROPOLITAN AREA IN 1974. OF THE 576 MALE OFFICERS STUDIED, 83 PERCENT WERE IN THE LOWEST RANK; 68 PERCENT WERE MARRIED; AND 90 PERCENT WERE LESS THAN 35 YEARS OLD. THE AVERAGE LENGTH OF SERVICE WAS 5 YEARS, AND THE AVERAGE PERIOD OF EDUCATION WAS 13 YEARS. THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES WERE RACE, POLICE RANK, EDUCATIONAL LEVEL, LENGTH OF SERVICE, MARGINALITY 1 (RESULTING FROM CONFLICTING REFERENCE GROUPS), AND MARGINALITY 2 (RESULTING FROM LOCATION ON THE FRINGES OF TWO GROUPS). THE DEPENDENT VARIABLES WERE PERCEPTION OF POLICE AUTHORITY AND PERCEPTION OF PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT IN POLICE AFFAIRS. MULTIPLE REGRESSION WAS USED TO IDENTIFY THE RELATIVE EFFECTS OF THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES ON THE DEPENDENT VARIABLES. THE COEFFICIENT OF MULTIPLE DETERMINATION WAS ALSO USED TO IDENTIFY THE PROPORTION OF VARIATION IN THE DEPENDENT VARIABLES ACCOUNTED FOR BY THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES. RESULTS INDICATE THAT THE CONCEPT OF 'DOUBLE MARGINALITY' HAS LITTLE EXPLANATORY POWER IN ACCOUNTING FOR VARIATION IN EITHER BLACK OFFICERS' PERCEPTIONS OF PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT IN POLICE AFFAIRS OR THEIR PERCEPTION OF POLICE AUTHORITY. THIS GROUP OF POLICE OFFICERS MAY REPRESENT A NEW BREED OF POLICE WHOSE CONCEPTION OF BLACKNESS IS MUCH LESS NEGATIVE THAN THAT OF THEIR PREDECESSORS. FUTURE RESEARCH SHOULD CONSIDER FACTORS OTHER THAN ETHNIC GROUP MEMBERSHIP; FOR EXAMPLE, INADEQUATE REWARD SYSTEMS, ADVERSE WORK SCHEDULES, AND DISTORTED NEWS MEDIA ACCOUNTS) WHICH MAY CREATE UNCERTAINTIES IN REFERENCE GROUP TIES FOR BLACK OFFICERS AND BLACKS IN GENERAL. NOTES AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Alienation; Black/African Americans; Police attitudes; Role perception; Studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66011

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