skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 66016 Find in a Library
Title: GEOGRAPHY OF SOVIET CRIMINALITY
Journal: AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW  Volume:45  Issue:1  Dated:(FEBRUARY 1980)  Pages:111-122
Author(s): L SHELLEY
Corporate Author: American Sociological Review
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: American Sociological Review
Albany, NY 12210
American Sociological Review
Washington, DC 20036
Institute for Scientific Information
Philadelphia, PA 19104
UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: American Sociological Review
Managing Editor
American Sociological Assoc
1722 N Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America

UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America

Institute for Scientific Information
University City Science Ctr
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS PAPER ATTEMPTS TO ANALYZE THE GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF SOVIET CRIMINALITY WHICH RESULTS FROM SOCIAL CONTROL MEASURES EXERCISED OVER THE MOBILITY AND RESIDENCE OF THE POPULATION.
Abstract: THE ANALYSIS IS BASED ON MORE THAN A YEAR'S STUDY IN THE SOVIET UNION, EXTENSIVE READING OF BOTH PUBLISHED AND CLASSIFIED SOVIET CRIMINOLOGICAL SCHOLARSHIP, AND CONVERSATION WITH NUMEROUS SCHOLARS IN THE USSR. THE STUDY FOUND THAT THE INTERNAL SOVIET PASSPORT SYSTEM AND THE DIFFICULTIES OF MOVING TO LARGE CITIES (DUE TO GOVERNMENTAL RESTRICTIONS) HAVE AFFECTED THE SOVIET CRIME PROBLEM IN TWO WAYS. FIRST, THE GREATEST DEGREE OF CRIMINALITY HAS BEEN SHIFTED AWAY FROM THE BIG, OLDER CITIES TO THE NEWLY ESTABLISHED CITIES OF THE FAR EAST AND THE FAR NORTH AND TO THE RAPIDLY EXPANDING SMALLER URBAN AREAS. SECOND, THE COMMUNITIES SURROUNDING THE MAJOR CITIES ARE NOT THE PRIVILEGED RETREAT OF THE PROSPEROUS FROM URBAN PROBLEMS BUT ARE THE HOMES OF YOUNG PEOPLE WHO COMMUTE LONG HOURS TO THEIR SCHOOLS AND JOBS. HOWEVER, THEIR CRIMES ARE COMMITTED IN THE URBAN COMMUNITIES TO WHICH THEY COMMUTE, RATHER THAN IN THE SUBURBS. THUS, THE POPULATION CONTROLS AND INTERNAL PASSPORT SYSTEM IN THE USSR HAVE RESULTED IN A DISTRIBUTION OF CRIME WHICH IS FUNDAMENTALLY DIFFERENT FROM THAT FOUND IN MOST INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES. A REDUCTION IN THE CRIME RATE OF MAJOR SOVIET CITIES HAS BEEN ACHIEVED ONLY AT THE SOCIAL COST OF REDUCING PERSONAL FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT AND CAUSING INCREASED PROBLEMS OF CRIMINALITY IN MORE REMOTE PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. A TABLE, FOOTNOTES, AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--PRG)
Index Term(s): Crime displacement; Crime patterns; Crime Rate; Crime Statistics; Criminal justice statistics; Criminology; Geographic distribution of crime; Offenses; Rural area studies; Rural urban comparisons; Suburban area studies; Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR); Urban area studies
Note: PRICE QUOTED FOR THE AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION IS FOR THE ENTIRE ISSUE.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66016

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.