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NCJ Number: 66025 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: BRICK FOR PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: Brick Institute of America
United States of America
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Brick Institute of America
Mclean, VA 22101
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: IF PROPERLY INCORPORATED INTO BUILDING DESIGNS, PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING SYSTEMS, USABLE WITH BRICK MASONRY, CAN DECREASE FOSSIL FUEL CONSUMPTION FOR HEATING BY AT LEAST 60 TO 80 PERCENT IN MOST LOCATIONS.
Abstract: THESE NOTES DESCRIBE GENERAL PRINCIPLES BASIC TO ALL PASSIVE SOLAR SYSTEMS INCLUDING IMPORTANCE OF A RECTANGULAR HOUSE WITH A MAXIMUM WALL AREA FACING SOUTH; THE USE OF WINDOWS AND OR/GLASS OR SUITABLE TRANSPARENT MATERIALS TO TRANSMIT SUNLIGHT TO THE INTERIOR; THE DESIGN OF A BRICK THERMAL STORAGE SYSTEM; THE RE-RADIATION OF THE COLLECTED HEAT TO THE LIVING SPACE AND THE HEATING OF THE BUILDING BY CONDUCTION, RADIATION, AND CONVECTION; AND THE USE OF A SUMMER SUNLIGHT SHADING DEVICE. OTHER DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS ARE NIGHT INSULATION AND LIMITED OR NO WINDOW SPACE OR NORTH, EAST, AND WEST WALLS. DIRECT GAIN SOLAR SYSTEMS, WHICH RELY ON BRICK MASONRY EXPOSED TO SUNLIGHT TO HEAT THE HOUSE INTERIOR, ARE ECONOMICAL BUT SUBJECT TO FLUCTUATIONS IN TEMPERATURE AND CAN CAUSE FURNISHINGS TO DETERIORATE. THERMAL STORAGE WALL SYSTEMS USE SOUTH-FACING GLASS PLACED 2 TO 4 INCHES OUTSIDE A SOLID BRICK WALL 10 TO 18 INCHES THICK. WINTER SUNLIGHT, TRANSMITTED BY THE GLASS, PENETRATES THE WALL BY CONDUCTION AND IS RADIATED TO THE INTERIOR. IT TOO IS ECONOMICAL, ALTHOUGH INSTALLATION COSTS MAY BE SLIGHTLY HIGHER. TEMPERATURE FLUCTUATIONS ARE SMALLER AND FURNISHINGS DO NOT DETERIORATE. AN IDEAL SYSTEM WOULD COMBINE BOTH DIRECT GAIN AND THERMAL STORAGE IN CONSTRUCTING THE SOUTH-FACING WALL. BRICK MASONRY IS PARTICULARLY USEFUL FOR ITS ABILITY TO WITHSTAND HEAT WITHOUT DETERIORATING AND FOR ITS CONDUCTIVITY, ABSORPTIVITY, SPECIFIC HEAT, EMISSIVITY, COLOR, AND MASS. DIAGRAMS AND REFERENCES ARE GIVEN. (AOP)
Index Term(s): Energy conservation; Energy resources; Fuels; Heating fuels
Note: BRICK BUILDER NOTES NO 16
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66025

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