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NCJ Number: 66126 Find in a Library
Title: ESSAY ON THE POLITICAL FUNCTIONS OF CORRUPTION
Journal: ASIAN STUDIES  Volume:5  Dated:(DECEMBER 1967)  Pages:501-523
Author(s): J C SCOTT
Corporate Author: University of the Philippines Diliman
Philippines
Date Published: 1967
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: University of the Philippines Diliman
Quezon City, 1101
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Philippines
Annotation: THEORIES ON THE DEVELOPMENT, BENEFITS, AND DISADVANTAGES OF CORRUPTION ARE EXAMINED WITH REFERENCE TO COUNTRIES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA.
Abstract: CORRUPTION OF PUBLIC OFFICIALS POSES A SPECIAL PROBLEM IN DEVELOPING NATIONS BECAUSE OF THE GOVERNOR'S DOMINANT ROLE IN THE ECONOMY AND BECAUSE THE LEGAL SYSTEMS ARE NOT BASED ON INDIGENOUS SOCIAL TRADITIONS. WHEN SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS OR MINORITIES HAVE NO LEGAL CHANNELS OF INFLUENCE, CORRUPTION MAY BE AN EFFECTIVE METHOD OF INFLUENCING GOVERNMENT POLICY. CORRUPTION ALSO REPRESENTS A GOVERNMENT'S EFFORTS TO COPE INFORMALLY WITH A RATE OF SOCIAL CHANGE THAT IS BEYOND THE CAPABILITIES OF THE FORMAL POLITICAL SYSTEM. IN THE WEST AND UNDERDEVELOPED COUNTRIES CORRUPTION HAS GIVEN NEW GROUPS THE OPPORTUNITY TO INFLUENCE THE GOVERNMENT WITHOUT RESORTING TO VIOLENCE. IN AREAS WHERE LOYALTIES ARE RESTRICTED TO KINSMEN AND PAROCHIAL GROUPS, CORRUPTION MAY BE THE ONLY WAY TO FOSTER COMMITMENT TO A WIDER GROUP, SUCH AS A POLITICAL PARTY. IN PAROCHIAL CORRUPTION, BENEFICIARIES ARE THOSE HAVING SPECIAL CONNECTIONS, WHILE WEALTHY ELITES WILL COMPETE FOR FAVORS IN MARKET CORRUPTION. THE BENEFICIARIES OF CORRUPTION ALSO DEPEND ON POWER RELATIONSHIPS AMONG THE RULERS, THE BUREAUCRACY, AND POLITICAL PARTIES IF THEY EXIST. THE RULING ELITE WILL ALWAYS PROFIT TO SOME EXTENT, BUT IN A SYSTEM WITH COMPETITIVE PARTIES, BENEFITS EXTEND TO PARTY CADRE AND VOTERS, AS EVIDENCED IN PORK BARREL LEGISLATION AND LEGALIZED PATRONAGE. MARKET CORRUPTION CAN PROMOTE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AS SEEN IN THE PHILIPPINES, THAILAND, AND MALAYSIA, UNLESS IT RAISES BUSINESS COSTS BEYOND THE PROFITABLE LEVEL OR UNLESS UNCERTAINTY ABOUT GOVERNMENTAL DECISIONS PREVAILS. CORRUPT PRACTICES WHICH RESTRICT OR DISTORT MARKET FORCES CAN HINDER ECONOMIC GROWTH. CORRUPTION WHICH CONTRIBUTES TO DEVELOPMENT BY REWARDING WEALTHY ELITES CAN IMPEDE POLITICAL INTEGRATION SINCE IT EXCLUDES VOTERS AND PAROCHIAL GROUPS. MARKET CORRUPTION CAN ALSO AFFECT THE PRICING SYSTEM AND HARM COMMUNITY INTERESTS WHEN THERE ARE NO CENTRALIZED CONTROLS. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (MJM)
Index Term(s): Corruption of public officials; Developing Countries; Economic influences; Political influences; South-East Asia
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66126

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