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NCJ Number: 66260 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: DETERRENCE, POVERTY, AND TYPE OF HOMICIDE
Journal: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY  Volume:85  Issue:3  Dated:(1979)  Pages:614-624
Author(s): R N PARKER; M D SMITH
Corporate Author: University of Chicago Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: University of Chicago Press
Chicago, IL 60637
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Washington, DC 20203
Grant Number: 5-T01-GM01291-15
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: USING NEWLY AVAILABLE DATA, THIS ANALYSIS CLASSIFIES HOMICIDE INTO TWO TYPES, PRIMARY AND NON-PRIMARY, BASED ON THE VICTIM/OFFENDER RELATIONSHIP.
Abstract: TWO MODELS THAT HAVE APPEARED IN RESEARCH LITERATURE ARE REPLICATED, USING THIS CLASSIFICATORY SCHEME. DATA ANALYZED WERE FOUND IN U.S. GOVERNMENT REPORTS, THE EFFECTS OF PARTITIONING HOMICIDE BY TYPE ON THE ESTIMATION OF THE DETERRENCE AND ETIOLOGICAL MODELS WERE EXPLORED. PRIMARY HOMICIDE INVOLVES FAMILY OR ACQUAINTANCES AND IS USUALLY AN ACT OF PASSION, WHILE NONPRIMARY HOMICIDES ARE OFEN INSTRUMENTAL IN NATURE SINCE THEY GENERALLY OCCUR IN THE COMMISSION OF ANOTHER CRIME (GANGLAND SLAYINGS, FELONY HOMICIDE, INSTITUTIONAL HOMICIDE). THE TWO TYPES OF HOMICIDE CAN BE VIEWED AS HAVING DIFFERENT ORIGINS: PRIMARY HOMICIDES BEING ESSENTIALLY UNREASONED ACTS OF PASSION AND NONPRIMARY HOMICIDE INVOLVING SOME DEGREE OF DECISIONMAKING OR MEDITATION. STUDY FINDINGS SHOWED LITTLE SUPPORT FOR THE DETERENCE MODEL AND CONSIDERABLE SUPPORT FOR THE ETIOLOGICAL MODEL. STATE PRIMARY-HOMICIDE RATES WERE FOUND TO BE RELATED TO POVERTY AND TO THE PERCENTAGE OF THE POPULATION AGED 20-34, WHILE NONPRIMARY HOMICIDE RATES WERE SIGNIFICANTLY RELATED ONLY TO THE PERCENTAGE OF THE STATE POPULATION LIVING IN URBAN AREAS. THE ANALYSIS SUGGESTS THAT PUNISHMENT APPEARS TO HAVE LITTEL EFFECT ON THE MAJORITY OF HOMICIDES SINCE THEY TEND TO OCCUR UNDER CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH LAWS, PRACTICES, AND PERCEPTIONS HAVE LITTLE IMPACT. RESULTS SHOWED THAT WHILE THE VARIABLES COMMONLY USED TO PREDICT HOMICIDE RATES WERE SUCCESSFUL IN PREDICTING PRIMARY HOMICIDE RATES, THEY WERE LESS SUCCESSFUL IN ACCOUNTING FOR NONPRIMARY HOMICIDE RATES. FURTHER STUDY IS NECESSARY TO DEVELOP A GREATER UNDERSTANDING OF THE FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO NONPRIMARY HOMICIDE. TABULAR DATA, NOTES, AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (MJW)
Index Term(s): Crimes against persons; Deterrence; Homicide; Research; Victim-offender relationships
Note: THIS IS A REVISED VERSION OF A PAPER PRESENTED AT THE 1978 KAPPA DELTA RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM IN RICHMOND, VIRGINIA
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66260

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