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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 66276 Find in a Library
Title: PROBATION WORK AND POLICE AS SOCIAL CONTROL AGENCIES
Journal: KRIMINALISTIK  Volume:32  Issue:10  Dated:(1978)  Pages:444-447
Author(s): H TIMPE
Corporate Author: Kriminalistik Verlag Gmbh
Germany (Unified)
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Kriminalistik Verlag Gmbh
6900 Heidelburg 1, Germany
Format: Article
Language: German
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: THE POLICE AND PROBATION OFFICERS ARE TWO CONTRASTING OFFICIAL REPRESENTATIVES OF SOCIAL CONTROL; SOCIAL CONTROL IS ESSENTIAL TO INDIVIDUALS' SOCIAL INTEGRATION AND TO THE PRESERVATION OF SOCIAL CONFORMITY.
Abstract: WITHIN THE PROCESS OF SOCIAL CONTROL, TWO BASIC STRATEGIES ARE DISTINGUISHABLE: SOCIALIZATION AND REPRESSION, BOTH OF WHICH LEAD CHILDREN TO INTERNALIZE THE NORMS OF THEIR ENVIRONMENT AND TO DEVELOP GUILT FEELINGS WHENEVER THEY VIOLATE THE NORMS. SOCIAL CONTROL MAY BE EXERTED THROUGH INFORMAL MEANS (I.E., THE FAMILY, FRIENDS, PROFESSIONAL PEERS) AND THROUGH THE FORMAL MEANS OF CRIMINAL LAW. BOTH POLICE OFFICERS AND PROBATION ASSISTANTS (SOCIAL WORKERS) ARE IN THE SERVICE OF FORMAL CRIME CONTROL. AS REPRESENTATIVES OF THE GOVERNMENT, THEY STRIVE TO REDUCE AND PREVENT VIOLATIONS AGAINST LEGAL NORMS. DESPITE THESE SIMILARITIES, THE ATTITUDES AND OBLIGATIONS OF THE TWO GROUPS DIFFER SIGNIFICANTLY--A FACT WHICH SOMETIMES PUTS SEVERE STRAIN ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL WORKERS AND POLICE. THE TRAINING OF SOCIAL WORKERS ACCENTS THE OFFENDERS' SOCIOLOGICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, AND SOCIOTHERAPEUTIC ASPECTS, WHILE POLICE TRAINING IS ORIENTED TOWARDS LEGAL PROBLEMS AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAW. WHILE THE PROBATION OFFICER'S PRIMARY ALLEGIANCE LIES WITH THE OFFENDER, POLICE OFFICERS ACT AS PROTECTORS OF THE PUBLIC AND THE VICTIM, TO THEM, THE OFFENDER IS 'THE ENEMY.' SOCIAL WORKERS MUST ESTABLISH A RELATIONSHIP OF CONFIDENCE WITH THEIR CLIENTS AND ARE OFTEN RELUCTANT TO ACCEPT THEIR CLIENTS' RECIDIVISM; SUCCESSFUL POLICE OFFICERS, ON THE OTHER HAND, MUST BE SUSPICIOUS AND DISTRUSTFUL OF THE OFFENDER. BOTH PROFESSIONS--AS THEY HAVE BEEN CHARACTERIZED HERE IN SOMEWHAT SIMPLIFIED TERMS--REPRESENT TWO LEGITIMATE AND NECESSARY ATTITUDES IN SOCIETY: THE RUTHLESS REPRESSION OF DEVIANCY (WHICH BY ITSELF WOULD DEGENERATE INTO NARROW-MINDEDNESS, CRUELTY, AND DESPOTISM), AND THE UNLIMITED ACCEPTANCE OF INDIVIDUAL NORM VIOLATIONS (WHICH, UNTEMPERED, WOULD THREATEN TO DEGENERATE INTO DISORIENTATION AND CHAOS). --IN GERMAN. (SAJ)
Index Term(s): Attitudes; Law enforcement; Probation or parole officers; Role perception; Social control theory; Socialization
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66276

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