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NCJ Number: 66363 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINAL STATISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES
Journal: JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:71  Issue:1  Dated:(SPRING 1980)  Pages:56-67
Author(s): R CHILTON
Corporate Author: Northwestern University
School of Law
Managing Editor
United States of America

Williams and Wilkins Co
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Northwestern University
Chicago, IL 60611
Williams and Wilkins Co
Baltimore, MD 21202
Type: Statistics
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: PROBLEMS IN THE COLLECTION AND USE OF CRIME STATISTICS ARE DISCUSED, WITH PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO ISSUES CONFRONTING THE BUREAU OF JUSTICE STATISTICS, CREATED BY THE 96TH CONGRESS.
Abstract: MAJOR NATIONAL AND FEDERAL CRIMINAL STATISTICS PROGRAMS ARE IDENTIFIED, AND RELATIONSHIPS AMONG THE PROGRAMS ARE DISCUSSED AND ILLUSTRATED IN CHARTS. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF CENTRAL DIRECTION ARE CONSIDERED IN THE CONTEXT OF THREE MAJOR APPROACHES TO CRIMINAL STATISTICS: VICTIMIZATION SURVEYS, AGENCY STATISTICAL PROGRAMS, AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE RECORD STATISTICS. ALSO DISCUSSED ARE THE RELATIVE ADVANTAGES OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE DATA-GATHERING EFFORTS, AS WELL AS PROBLEMS THAT ARISE WHEN THE TERM 'INFORMATION' IS USED IN REFERENCE TO BOTH STATISTICAL AND MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS. IMPROVEMENTS THAT MIGHT HAVE BEEN POSSIBLE WITHOUT THE CREATION OF A SEPARATE BUREAU WITHIN THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT ARE NOTED, AS ARE WAYS IN WHICH THE BUREAU SHOULD BE ABLE TO REDUCE FRAGMENTATION AND CONFUSION IN CRIMINAL STATISTICS PROGRAMS. IT IS POINTED OUT THAT THE EXTENSIVE REORGANIZATION POSSIBLE WITH THE NEW BUREAU WILL FACILITATE COORDINATION AMONG THE MANY AGENCIES RESPONSIBLE FOR GATHERING CRIME STATISTICS. IT IS ALSO NOTED THAT THE BUREAU MUST ADDRESS THE FOLLOWING ISSUES: (1) WHETHER TO ENCOURAGE PASSAGE OF UNIFORM STATE LAWS CREATING STATE BUREAUS OF JUSTICE STATISTICS, OR SEEK VOLUNTARY COOPERATION OF STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES; (2) WHETHER TO CONCENTRATE ON DEVELOPING A SINGLE INDEX OF CRIME, OR ESTABLISH SEVERAL INDICATORS; AND (3) HOW TO OBTAIN THE COOPERATION OF MORE COURTS AND JUDGES. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Criminal justice information systems; National crime statistics; Program coordination; US Department of Justice
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66363

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