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NCJ Number: 66411 Find in a Library
Title: NEIGHBORHOOD JUSTICE CENTERS
Author(s): D MCGILLIS
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Abt Associates, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02138
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Contract Number: J-LEAA-013-78
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS BRIEF DESCRIBES THE NEIGHBORHOOD JUSTICE CENTER APPROACH TO RESOLVING MINOR DISPUTES AND OUTLINES ITS BENEFITS, AS WELL AS EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS REQUIRED TO SUPPORT THE PRACTICE.
Abstract: NEIGHBORHOOD JUSTICE CENTERS PROVIDE AN ALTERNATIVE TO FORMAL COURT ACTION FOR THE RESOLUTION OF MINOR CRIMINAL AND CIVIL DISPUTES, THE NATURE OF WHICH OFTEN REQUIRES COMPROMISES NOT READILY ACHIEVED THROUGH TRADITIONAL COURTROOM ADJUDICATION. COURT PROCEDURES ARE HAMPERED BY DELAYS, HIGH COSTS, INCONVENIENCE, AND HIGH DISMISSAL RATES. MOREOVER MINOR DISPUTES CONTRIBUTE TO THE BURDEN OF THE COURT, REDUCING AVAILABLE RESOURCES TO HANDLE REMAINING CIVIL AND CRIMINAL MATTERS. NEIGHBORHOOD JUSTICE CENTERS ARE DESIGNED TO OFFER CONCILIATION, MEDIATION AND ARBITRATION, AND TO PROVIDE CITIZENS WITH READY ACCESS TO A MORE RAPID, EFFECTIVE PROCESS FOR DEALING WITH INTERPERSONAL CONFLICTS WITHOUT CONTRIBUTING TO THE COURTS' GROWING BURDEN OF MINOR CASES. KEY PROGRAM FEATURES ADDRESSED IN THIS BRIEF INCLUDE CASE CRITERIA, REFERRAL SOURCES, INTAKE PROCEDURES, RESOLUTION TECHNIQUES, STAFF, TRAINING, AND FOLLOWUP. AGENDA FOR ACTION TOWARD ESTABLISHING A NEIGHBORHOOD JUSTICE CENTER REQUIRES DETERMINING LOCAL NEEDS, SELECTING A SPONSOR EITHER FROM THE PUBLIC OR PRIVATE SECTOR WHOSE CONNECTIONS ARE STRONG IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM OR THE COMMUNITY, AND OBTAINING FUNDS. ECONOMIC MEASURES TO BE CONSIDERED INCLUDE USE OF VOLUNTEERS, 'FREE' SPACE IN PUBLIC BUILDINGS, AND CHARGING CLIENTS ON A SLIDING SCALE BASIS. IN ADDITION, STATE-LEVEL SUPPORT POSSIBILITIES ARE SUGGESTED, SUCH AS PROJECT GUIDELINES, FUNDING MECHANISMS, CONFIDENTIALITY SAFEGUARDS, AND LIMITATIONS ON STAFF CIVIL LIABILITY. SOURCES FOR FURTHER INFORMATION AND ASSISTANCE ARE LISTED. THE APPENDIX CONTAINS SAMPLE STATE LEGISLATION SUPPORTING JUSTICE CENTERS. (MRK)
Index Term(s): Alternative dispute settlement; Mediation; Neighborhood justice centers; State laws
Note: POLICY BRIEFS - ACTION GUIDES FOR LEGISLATORS AND GOVERNMENT EXECUTIVES
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66411

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